BIOGRAPHIES of PEOPLE living in or visiting BASS STRAIT to 1850

Draft list of  Tasmanian Aboriginal women who were taken by sealers into Bass Strait waters – and original homelands if known [Aboriginal women in Bass Strait to 1850 from elsewhere yet to be added below this list]:

  1. Deborahkanni  Far North West
  2. Dromedeenner born c.1812 Swanport AKA Trometehennea/Trometehinnic/Mary
  3. Drummernerlooner born c.1811 Cape Portland AKA Bullrer/Bullyer/Bullrub/Leemuekallerwanner/Leemuennerkaller
  4. Ghoneyannenner Born c.1801 Ben Lomond Port Dalrymple?  AKA Peacock
  5. Gudegui Born c.1810?  AKA Kude Karra
  6.  Judy / Black Judy (sister of Emma who was at Oyster Cove  from 1847) married by Bishop Francis Russell Nixon to Edward Mansell in 7 Oct 1854. See: http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24275853  and http://anglicanhistory.org/aus/nixon/beacon1854/  “I united an old sealer, Edward Mansell, to Judy Thomas, an aboriginal woman.”
  7. Karnteeltenner Cape Portland AKA Little Buck
  8. Larpeennopuric Far North West
  9. Lateteyerwabbeltenner ?
  10. Looerryminner Swanport AKA Leeermograngyer/Leenererkleener, Leenarerkleener/Boatswain
  11. Lowhenunhe Bruny Island AKA Lorewenunne/Mary
  12. Makekerlededee Bruny Island AKA Maggerleeded/Rommernagge
  13. Maria
  14. Mary
  15. Maytepueminner St Patricks Head Drerneenener/Lurneener/Matapullerme/Muetemueminninnener
  16. Meemelunneener Little Swanport AKA Myhermenanyehaner/Poll/Blind Poll/Agnes
  17. Meeterlatteenner born c.1811 Piper River Waterhouse Point, Great Forester River ? AKA Meterletteyer/Meeterltteyay/Menerlettener/Sall/Sally/Thompson’s Sall/Rebecca
  18. Meethecaratheeanna
  19. Meetoneyernanner  born c.1811 Waterhouse Point Parnerpipeperworeerkanner/Dumpe
  20. Mirnermannerme born c.1811 Swanport AKA Marmkoteherkiyer/Wurnermannerminer/Munermannerme/Maria
  21. Mitteyer Ringarooma, Cape Portland AKA Myteoyer/Fan
  22. Moondapder Cape Grim
  23. Moretermorererluneher Forester River, Waterhouse Point AKA Poll
  24. Murrerninghe Bruny Island AKA Kit
  25. Nickerumpowwerrerter Born c.1811 Ben Lomond or Leven River? AKA Nickerumpowwerrerter/Little Mary
  26. Niepeekar Cape Grim
  27. Noendapper St Valentine’s Peak or Mersey River ?
  28. Nollahallaker Born c.1801 Cape Grim, Mount Cameron, West Point AKA Nollerhollicker/Pillever/Trucklow/Kit
  29. Pairrerteemme Swanport AKA Pairreminnenner/Parthemeena/Goose/Cuish
  30. Pelloneneminner Born c.1809 Ben Lomond AKA Plinunimeener/Plorereemhe/Plownneeme/Paloriyeenna/Pangum/Pangern/Ponhum/Penguin/Flora
  31. Pierrapplener Place? AKA Perruple/Warkerlarepaterner/Diana/Dinah/Ann
  32. Pleenperrenner Big Musselroe, Ringarooma, Cape Portland AKA Mother Brown
  33. Plorenernoopperner Born c.1805 Piper River AKA Woreterpyeerternanne/Moreterpyeerternanne/Watforwittehener/Planobeena[??]/Plonnoopinner/Warterpoowidyer [?]/Jock/Fanny
  34. Pollerwotteltelterrunner
  35. Poolrerrener  Cape Portland AKA  Bullrub/Bullroe/Boolroe/Bulra
  36. Portripellaner Born c.1811 Piper River AKA Woretermurnerme/Maria
  37. Pungerneetterlattenner St Patricks Head AKA Maria
  38. Purnernattelattenner
  39. Rarnapperlitterner Georges River AKA Pernappertittenner/Duncan
  40. Reetarnithbar Cape Grim
  41. Tanleboneyer Little Swanport [Loontiteermairreloinner] AKA Sall
  42. Tarenootairrer born c.1806  Musselroe, Cape Portland AKA Tingernotareher/Tangernuterrer/Jackanoothara/Ploorernelle/Tibb/Sarah
  43. Tarerernorerer Mersey River, St Valentine’s Peak, Round Hill AKA Walyer/Mary Ann
  44. Teekoolterme George’s River
  45. Tekartee Born c.1809 Little Swanport AKA Weybermueninner/Meybermuewinner/Kluenerme
  46. Tencotemanener Born c.1801 Little Swanport, Oyster Bay [Laremairremener] AKA Smoker
  47. Tinnermuck Port Dalrymple, west side AKA Towser
  48. Toogernuppertootenner Born c.1798 Ben Lomond, East Coast AKA Toneuptotanener/Pueprittehe?/Maria
  49. Trildoborrer Mersey River, St Valentine’s Peak, Round Hill
  50. Troepowerhear Cape Grim
  51. Wapperty Born c.1797 St Patrick’s Head
  52. Warkernenner Tomahawk River AKA Worekenna/Meetoneneenner?/Wonginner/Kit/Old Kitty
  53. Warrermarrerluner Tarkine, Sandy Cape
  54. Werlangennertuerrarerer Cape Portland, Musselroe AKA Marmeis
  55. Woorrartteyer Musselroe, Cape Portland
  56. Woreterleeployenninner
  57. Woreterleepoodyenniner Ringarooma, St Patrick’s Head AKA Long’un
  58. Woreterlokekoteyer Born c.1806 Cape Portland, Little Musselroe AKA Issac
  59. Woretermoeteyenner Born c.1791 Big Musselroe, Cape Portland AKA Wattermoteer/Woretermoteteyer/Waremodeenner/Pung/Bung
  60. Woreterneemmerunnertatteyanne born c.1810 Big Musselroe AKA Emerrenna/Bet SMITH
  61. Worethmaleyerpodeyer Born .c.1811 Piper River
  62. Wottecowwidyer  Born c. 1808  Musselroe AKA Wot/Wat/Harriet

Draft list of  Tasmanian Aboriginal women who were taken by sealers into Bass Strait waters followed by the names of men they associated with, where known:

  1. Deborahkanni [AKA Victoria, married by Fereday to James WILLIAMS, sealer, George Town 27/3/1842, died [catarrh] July 1847, p.112].
  2. Dromedeenner [AKA Mary, b.c. 1811. Abducted by James MUNRO but escaped, p.112]
  3. Drummernerlooner [AKA Bullrer/Rumernalu/Jumbo/Louisa, b.c.1812, Taken by James MUNRO when a child, spoke english well, p.112]
  4. Ghoneyannenner [AKA Peacock, b.c.1801. Had Aboriginal husband, Abducted by BLACK JOHN BAKER, Escaped from Parish at Piper River, p.113]
  5. Gudegui [AKA Kude Karra AKA the Ranger – lived on King Island from c.1830s to 1850s without men].
  6. Judy / Black Judy – married by Bishop Francis Russell Nixon to Edward Mansell in 7 Oct 1854. See: http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article24275853  and http://anglicanhistory.org/aus/nixon/beacon1854/  “I united an old sealer, Edward Mansell, to Judy Thomas, an aboriginal woman.”(sister of Emma who was at Oyster Cove  from 1847.
  7. Karnteeltenner [AKA Little Buck, “Abducted by sealers and taken to Kangaroo Island”, p.113]
  8. Larpeennopuric [one of nine women, only 5 named, captured by sealers in north west Tasmania, see Friendly Mission 21/8/1830 – nothing more known…p.114]
  9. Lateteyerwabbeltenner [Lived with Robert REW/DREW, p.114]
  10. Looerryminner [AKA Boatswain/Leenarerkleener “Abducted by bosun John SMITH, who gave her to William PROCTOR, p.114]
  11. Lowhenunhe [AKA Mary. One of three women abducted by  JOHN BAKER. Lived with HEPTHERNET on Kangaroo Island. Died 1829]
  12. Makekerledede [AKA Sall. One of three women abducted by  JOHN BAKER. Lived with HEPTHERNET on Kangaroo Island; then with William COOPER]
  13. Maria [AKA Drerneenennener/Lurneener/Matapullerme/New Maria, Abducted by John STOCKER, lived with Little CHARLEY]
  14. Mary
  15. Maytepueminner [AKA New Maria/Matilda/Drerneennerner, Abducted by John STARKER, after STARKER drowned lived with Little CHARLEY, had a husband ‘among the blacks’, p.115]
  16. Meemelunneener [AKA Poll/Blind Poll/Agnes, visited Mauritius with sealers, p.115]
  17. Meeterlatteenner [AKA Sall/Sally/Thompson’s Sall/Rebecca/Menerletterner, b.c. 1811, Abducted by Michael MCKENZIE when a girl, lent to James EVERITT [sp], seized by James THOMPSON after he drowned [1831] lived with William PROCTOR then Samuel BLYTHE who sent her to the Aboriginal Establishment 21 May 1837, p.115]
  18. Meethecaratheeanna
  19. Meetoneyernanner [AKA Dumpe/Parnerpipeperworeerkanner, b.c.1811, Abducted by George BRIGGS, but ‘escaped and lived on the main’, taken by Thomas TUCKER they lived on Gun Carriage where she died pre 19/12/1837, p.115-116]
  20. Mirnermannerme [AKA Maria Monamie, b.c.1811, Abducted by James MUNROE, lived with David/James KELLY of Hunter Island to whom had several children, lived with John MYETIE [sp] at Hunter Island, went to Mauritius, p.116]
  21. Mitteyer [AKA Fan, lived Kangaroo Island and Kent Group with Jack WILLIAMS AKA Norfolk Island Jack, p.116]
  22. Moondapder [one of nine women, only 5 named, captured by sealers in north west Tasmania, see Friendly Mission 21/8/1830 – nothing more known…p.114]
  23. Moretermorererluneher [AKA Poll, b.c. 1812, sisters Juliet and Thompson’s Sall, ‘Abducted by Charles PETERSON when 8 years old and cohabited with him since’, After death of PETERSON, William JOHNSON obtained Poll and they lived at Port Phillip (January 1837). After JOHNSON drowned Poll went to live with John BATMAN, p.116]
  24. Murrerninghe [AKA Kit Abducted by John BAKER [with Lowhenunhe and Makekerledede] lived with John WILLIAMS AKA Norfolk Island JACK, lived with HEPTHERNET at Kangaroo Island, she was shot at Kent Group by Robert GAMBLE, FM 11/10/1830, p.116]
  25. Nickerumpowwerrerter [AKA Little Mary, b.c.1811, Abducted by STARKER when he drowned, then lived with sealer Edward TOMLINS, p.117].
  26. Niepeekar [one of nine women, only 5 named, captured by sealers in north west Tasmania, see Friendly Mission 21/8/1830 – nothing more known…p.114]
  27. Noendapper [sisters Walyer and Trildoborrer, three sisters surrendered to the sealers, Noendapper was kept on the Bird Island by John DODSON [AKA William Dobson], she died at Gun Carriage island FM 23/5/1831, p.117]
  28. Nollahallaker [AKA Pillever/Trucklow/Kit/Little Kit, b.c.1811, lived with Robert REW, taken from sealers by James PARISH, p.117]
  29. Pairrerteemme [AKA Parthemeena/Goose/Cuish/Cush Lived with William SLACK on Gun Carriage Island, alive 1851 Oyster Cove, p.117]
  30. Pelloneneminner [AKA Flora/Plownneme/Plonermener/Palorimeenner (emu)/Panghum/Penguin b.c.1809 Ben Lomond. Abducted from Ringarooma when a young girl by Thomas MASON who sold her to John BROWN, after Brown drowned…. p.117 – she was one of 11 women taken from the sealers by James Parish in December 1830. In 1831, Flora joined George Augustus Robinson to help him search for Aboriginal people in the north-east of Tasmania. Flora was taken to Wybalenna on Flinders Island and later transferred to Oyster Cove where she died, on 27 May 1860, aged 51 http://www.daao.org.au/main/read/7711]
  31. Pierrapplener [AKA Perrruple/Warkerlarepeterner/Diana/Dinah/Ann, sister was Jock, lived with Robert REW [1832]. Previous, in 1824 was likely with James KIRBY, and travelling between islands between Bass Strait and Kangaroo Island when the Nereus encountered them, with James EVERETT and Henry WHALLEY. In 1827 Major Lockyer met Dinah with James KIRBY at King George’s Sound [Albany WA] Dinah and another VDL woman and a Kangaroo Island woman were then expatriated to Sydney? on the Ann arr. 11/6/1827 having called at Port Dalrymple, where Dinah and the other woman likely disembarked, ‘This woman, Dinah, was probably Pierrapplener who in 1832 was living with Robert REW. This woman was taken from Robert REW by WJ Darling in October 1832, and in a petition a few weeks later REW sought her return to him, stating he had obtained her on the death of John MYETYE about three years earlier, who had in turn obtained her from James THOMPSON.’ She had been seventeen or eighteen years with white men. p.85]
  32. Pleenperrenner [AKA Mother Brown, b.c.1795, Abducted by John BROWN [1] who was later drowned, afterwards lived with James PARISH for a time who gave her to John SMITH, she had several children by BROWN, two drowned. ‘Delivered up to the Aboriginal settlement by John BROWN, with daughter by BROWN aged 13 years. “One of her daughters living in Launceston possessed considerable influence over the black women”: FM 31/3/1831, p.118]
  33. Plorenernoopperner [AKA Fanny/Jock/Warterpoowidyer, b.c.1805 Abducted by Michael MCKENZIE, after MCKENZIE drowned lived with James THOM[P]SON, who ill treated her, on Guncarriage Island,  had a husband ‘among the blacks’, p.118]
  34. Pollerwotteltelterrunner [AKA Wyyerlooberer/Margaret/Pecocally, bc.c1811, brother was Woretenattelargenne, Abducted when a children by Michael MCKENZIE who sold her to James THOMPSON [d.1835] who lent her to Richard MAYNARD on Gun Carriage Island, removed by James PARISH to the Aboriginal Settlement FM 11/12/1830, had an infant by Richard MAYNARD, p.119]
  35. Poolrerrener [AKA Bullrub/Bullrow/Bullroe/Bulra “mother”, Cape Portland, sister or daughter was Jumbo. “This woman lived with Young SCOTT a sealer at Kangaroo Island she had been living there many years among the sealers. In Dec 1832 she was referred to as advanced in years, at least 40 [her daughter’s age was given as about 19 in June 1831; and she had a grown up “half caste” son Edward TOMLINS]. Bulra arrived at Launceston from Kangaroo Island on Griffith’s Schooner in February 1832 and was taken to the Hunters. Shortly after then her son Edward TOMLINS left on the whaling voyage to the western coast of New Holland. She remianed among the sealers in the western straits living first with John DODSON [AKA William Dobson] and then with Robert REW. On 17 Aug 1832 she was delivered up to George Augustus ROBINSON by REW and sent to the Aboriginal Establishment where she died probably before Sept 1835, p.111  “Sealers woman at Kangaroo Island with George Piebald AKA Fireball BATES, WIS p.822. ]
  36. Portripellaner [AKA Maria, b.c.1811. Abducted by sealer James THOMPSON, lived with  John MYETYE/James KELLY. p.119]
  37. Pungerneetterlattenner [AKA Maria/Sall, Abducted by John BROWN after BROWN‘S drowning  lived with John THOMAS, p.119, WIS p.863]
  38. Purnernattelattenner [AKA Sall, Abducted by John BROWN, lived with James EVERITT [sp] for a time after BROWN was drowned, living with John THOMAS on Swan Island in 1837, p.19-120]
  39. Rarnapperlitterner [AKA Duncan, lived with Duncan MCMILLAN, lived at Kangaroo Island, p.120]
  40. Reetarnithbar [“a sealer’s woman abducted near Cape Grim”, WIS p.824]
  41. Tanleboneyer [AKA Sall, b.c.1807, sisters Tekartee and Mirnemammerme, Abducted by John BROWN who was subsequently drowned at Clarke Island, BROWN had sent her to “sleep” with other sealers for one seal or kangaroo skin per night. Joined GAR in Launceston Oct 1830 brought from islands by James PARISH, her Aboriginal husband was thereafter Mannalargenna, she died 1/5/1835, p.120]
  42. Tarenootairrer [AKA Sarah/Tibb/Tingernotareher/Jackanoothara, b.c.1806, “Abducted by James PARISH when a girl who sold her to John SMITH for four seal skins, bought from John SMITH by George ROBINSON, she had a child by John SMITH, and perhaps one by James PARISH (Mary Ann), ill treated by George ROBINSON, removed from sealers by James PARISH to the Aboriginal Settlement FM 11/12/1830″ later lived at Oyster Cove, mother of Fanny Cochrane Smith, p.120]
  43. Tarerernorerer [AKA Walyer/Mary Ann, her brothers were Linenelikekayver and Linnetowwer joined the sealers at the time she did. Abducted by the sealers but later escaped, and led a party to attack in the ‘settled districts’, later abducted by John/William DODSON at Port Sorell, then given to Black Jack WILLIAMS, died 5/6/1831, p.121]
  44. Teekoolterme [taken to Kangaroo Island by Black JACK WILLIAMS, after WILLIAMS drowned she was taken by John THOMAS, at Aboriginal Settlement 1831, p.121]
  45. Tekartee [AKA Weybermueninner, sister Tanleboneyer, b.c.1809, ‘European features’, Abducted by John HERRIN when a little girl, sold to John MIRA/MIREY ‘Owyhee Black Man’ for some seal skins with whom she then lived. “Had a husband among the blacks”. She was “a fine, tall, straight woman”. Taken by James PARISH to Aboriginal settlement FM 11/12/1830, died at Maria Island 11/3/1831, p.121]
  46. Tencotemanener [AKA Smoker, 5’9″, bc.1801, Port Dalrymple West Side, sister was Purnernattentettener/Sall. Abducted by Richard MAYNARD, who gave her to John RIDDLE/Long Jack with whom she lived on Gun Carriage Island, ‘had a husband among the blacks with whom she had children’, removed from sealers by GAR FM 12/11/1830, p.121]
  47. Tinnermuck [AKA Towser, lived with LITTLE WEST at Kangaroo Island, p.122]
  48. Toogernuppertootenner [AKA Maria, Ben Lomond, b.c.1798, brother Mannerlegargenner, ‘had a husband among the blacks with whom she had several children’. Abducted by John MIRA who sold her to George ROBINSON on Woody Island, taken from sealers by GAR FM 10/11/1830, p.122]
  49. Trildoborrer [sister Walyer, Joined sealers with Walyer WIS p.830]
  50. Troepowerhear [Abducted by sealers near Cape Grim WIS p.830]
  51. Wapperty [AKA Wobbelty, 5’10”, stout made, b.c.1797, father Mannalargenna, Abducted by John THOMAS, lived with John STARKER/STOCKER who also lived with Nicerumpowwerrerter [Mary] and Maytepueminner [Maria], perhaps not at same time. John STARKER was drowned at the Leven River on his way back to Launceston from the westward islands c.Sept 1830 FM 14/9/1830, 1/10/1830, 2/10/1830. After John STARKER’S death John MYETYE seized Nicerumpowwerrerter [Mary] and Wobbelty, giving the former to Edward TOMLIN and keeping Wobbelty [p.100], After John MYETYE died [p.123] Wapperty lived with Robert REW, who brought her to the Aboriginal Settlement in 844. Bessy MITI/RUE her daughter to John MYETYE married John MIRA on 27/3/1847, Wapperty died Oyster Cove 12/8/1867. p.123]
  52. Warkernenner [AKA Kit/Old Kitty, Tomahwk River, Abducted by James THOMPSON when a girl, later living with John DODSON [AKA William Dobson] on Hunter Island, taken by Alexander MCKAY, then GAR [George Augustus ROBINSON], who John DODSON asked to return Warkernenner to him, p.122]
  53. Warrermarrerluner
  54. Werlangennertuerrarerer [AKA Marmeis? Mussel Roe, sealer’s woman at Kangaroo Island, SA, FM 4/4/1831, p.122]
  55. Woorrartteyer [name means ‘walk’, from Musselroe, sealer’s woman at Kangaroo Island, living with ‘Piebald’ Fireball George BATES on Kangaroo Island, SA, FM 4/4/1831, p.123]
  56. Woreterleeployenninner
  57. Woreterleepoodyenniner [AKA Long’un/Langern/Dranetunneminnener?, Ringarooma, sealer’s woman living on Kangaroo Island with James ALLEN, WIS p.834]
  58. Woreterlokekoteyer [AKA Isaac, Musselroe, b.c.1806, Abducted by Little CHARLEY who sold her to William PROCTOR for some seal skins, lived with William PROCTOR and Edward MANSELL. Had a ‘husband among the blacks with whom she had three children’, p.123]
  59. Woretermoeteyenner [AKA Wattermoteer/Woretermoteteyer/Waremodeenner/Pung/Bung, Big Musselroe, b.c.1790, sister Wottecowidyer, Abducted by George Briggs by whom three children [JG:  at least 5 children: Dalrymple Briggs, x unnamed died from burns, Mary Briggs, Eliza Briggs, John Briggs]. Sold to John THOMAS for a guinea. Lived for a time with John BROWN. Taken by James PARISH to the Aboriginal settlement FM 19/12/1830. “Had a husband among the blacks”: Phillip. Had boy by James MUNRO when she lived with him FM 19/12/1830 [JG: no, Munro looked after young John BRIGGS aged c.5+, until? Munro took John to Hobart when he went to petition the Governor for the return of women], p.123]
  60. Woreterneemmerunnertatteyanne [AKA Emerrenna/Bet SMITH, Big Musselroe, born c.1810, Abducted when a child by John HARRINGTON, after HARRINGTON drowned she was seized by Thomas TUCKER, from whom Thomas BEEDON obtained her. FM 31/3/1831. “Bet SMITH lived with Thomas BEEDON on Gun Carriage approx. 5 years, having two children by him, one living, one dead, now with child” FM 31/3/1831, “Said to have killed two half-caste boys on Preservation Island, Thomas TUCKER the father”. Mother of Lucy BEEDON, p.124]
  61. Worethmaleyerpodeyer [Piper River, b.c.1811, Abducted by James EVERITT by whom she was later murdered on Woody Island because she did not clean mutton birds to his satisfaction. FM 10/11/1830, p.124]
  62. Wottecowwidyer [AKA Wot/Wat/Harriet, b.c. 1808, Musselroe, sister Woretemoteteyer, Abducted by James THOMPSON with whom she lived. Several half-caste children by various fathers. After James EVERITT murdered Worethmaleyerpodeyer  James THOMPSON sent Wottecowwidyer to James EVERITT. Taken by James PARISH to the Aboriginal Settlement 11/12/1830. Said by x?x TURNBULL [p.104] to have killed a child about 6 weeks old about same time as DUMPE. John SMITH with whom she was then living, buried it in his garden. FM 30/12/1830. Lost two children [boy and girl] when boat with Michael MCKENZIE and Little BOB capsized in the Straits FM 25/12/1830. Sarah SMITH (Nancy SMITH?] [error Pleennperrenner FM 19/3/1831] probably her daughter by John SMITH. Mother of Mary Ann THOMPSON. p.124]

Information from:
Title: ‘The sealers of Bass Strait and the Cape Barren Island community’
Year: 1990
Author: Plomley, B. & Henley, K.A.
Published: Proceedings of the Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Volume 27, Number 23 (June-September)

Women not from Van Diemen’s Land living with sealers in Bass Strait to 1850 – very draft list:

EMUE [AKA EMMA]   and  KALLOONGOO [AKA  SARAH, CHARLOTTE]
John ANDERSON and EMUE/EMMA –  ANDERSON, John AKA: Abyssinia, Abyssinia Jack. Description: 5′ 7″ – 5′ 9″, grey hair, age 40-50 (1831); Englishman; sealer 16 years. Origin: Seaman; arrived in Sydney a free man on the Archduke Charles, convict transport ex Cork, on 16 February, 1813. Said to have been in the navy as a boy and to have served at Trafalgar (Pasco, 1897). Shipping: Important to note that the name John Anderson is found for a number of vessels visiting Bass Strait and that it is doubtful whether any of them refer to Abyssinia. Thus: John Anderson arrived in Sydney on the John Barry from London on 26 September, 1819; John Anderson arrived in Sydney on the Northhampton from London on 17 June, 1815, and ran from her; John Anderson one of crew of Endeavour for Bass Strait and King Island on 9 June, l8l8; John Anderson , ex Lady Nelson, one of crew of Alligator which sailed for the seal fishery on l0 June, 1823; James Anderson on Nereus ex Sydney for Bass Strait on 9 November, 1824, and on Alligator for Kangaroo Island on 9 April, 1825; James Anderson, a convict, arrived from Cork on the Mary, convict transport, on 25 August, 1819. Resorts:Kangaroo Island; Kent Group; Woody Island. Women: l. Emma, native of Port Lincoln; her fullblood New Holland son PRARE.RE came to live in Anderson’s household about 1827; Anderson told GAR that he had had ten children by Emma, of whom five were living (SLR; FM, 19/3/1831) by January 1836 he had sold her to James Munro (WIS, 12/1/1836). 2. Poll (also known as Sall and perhaps Anne/Anny), a New Holland Anderson lived with her after the death of Emma late in 1837 (WIS 19/12/1837) [p.70, Plomley and Henley]
Notes: 1 The Sydney Gazette of I July 1826, reported that Abyssinia was then living on Kangaroo Island. 2. John Anderson not the black man of that name who lived on one of the Western Australian islands and visited King Island (Cumpston, 1970). 3 When Anderson was interviewed on 3l May 1837, he said he was the only man living on Woody Island and that there were two women and three children there.One of these women and one child had belonged to a sealer who had ‘gone to port’, abandoning them (perhaps William Dutton). The woman with Anderson was Emma (WIS, 1/6/1837). 4. By 1845 Anderson was living with his family in the Western Straits.5. On 16 November 1845, John Anderson baptised two of his children: Frances, 24, wife of ‘Reewe’ (not identified); and John, 12 years. Jane Elizabeth And John aged 12, was another of John Anderson’s children baptised at Stanley, on 27 September 1846. All these were probably Emma’s children. 6. Catherine Anderson, aged 7, living with Jonathon Griffiths in Launceston in 1831,was probably a daughter by Emma. 7. Ana Anderson, ‘daughter of a sealer’, aged 16, married Benjamin Risby at George Town in December 1842; she is likely to have been another of Emma’s children. Pasco (1897) calls her Mary. [p.71, Plomley and Henley]

Kalloongoo (and Emue?) were from Rapid Bay and Yankalilla, south of Adelaide, north of Cape Jervis.

Excerpts from: Amery, Rob, 1996, ‘Kaurna in Tasmania; A case of mistaken identity’, Aboriginal History, vol 20, pp24-50. [below p.37-42 ]

[p 37]…. Some of the Kauma women kidnapped from the southern Kauma region ended up living with sealers in Bass Strait. In 1831, Robinson noted that there were Aboriginal

[p 38] women from Kangaroo Island present on islands in the Kent Group in the Eastern Bass Straits north of Flinders Island. Fn 23 One of these women Emue or Emma, was a Kaurna woman who was living with a woman named John Anderson, alias Abyssinia Jack Anderson, told Robinson that  “… [he] has a black women living with him, which he got from off the main of the coast of New Holland opposite Kangaroo Island and has lived with her ever since. Says he has ten children by her, five of whom are alive. Got  a black boy from the main, son to this woman, four years since.” Fn 24

On 23rd July 1836, Robinson reports that: Corporal Ramsay returned to the settlement from the Sisters Islands [immediately to the north of Flinders Island] having removed the sealers, who offered no resistance. They had been on the islands about a fortnight …They had two boats. Abyssinia Jack had charge of one with some New Holland women and also VDL [Tasmanian] women named [ ]. The New Holland women were the same that had been stolen from their country adjacent to Kangaroo Island by George Meredith jnr of Oyster Bay…The sealers had several halfcaste children on board of their boats. There were three men in the boat, Abyssinia Jack, Everett and another…Abyssinia Jack and another sealer stop on Woody Island. They reported that there was three men on Gun Carriage [island adjacent to Woody Island in between Hinders and Cape Barren Islands]. They had with them several New Holland women. Fn25

In 1837 Emue was still living with Anderson, then on Woody Island, in between Flinders and Cape Barren Island. Robinson’s journal entry of 10 January 1837 contains the following: Woody Isle: Abyssinia Jack and three women native of New Holland; one with Everett one infant; with Abyssinia a woman Emue and three children; a woman native of Spencers Gulf has been left by Dutton, this woman has a boy by a black man, she wishes to leave the sealers. fn 26

This latter woman, Kalloongoo, also named Sarah by the sealers and renamed Charlotte by Robinson, is crucial to the story of Robinson’s Kaurna wordlist. Plomley’s annotations to Robinson’s journal for 1 June 1837 note that: Corporal Miller left the settlement on the morning of 31 May for Woody Island and reached there that evening. He was accompanied by two aboriginal women, Rebecca and Matilda. On arrival at Woody Island, Miller interviewed the one sealer there, John Anderson, who told him that sometimes another sealer lived there too, but that he had ‘gone to port’. There were two native women and three children on the island, of whom one woman and two children belonged to Anderson. The other woman, after talking to the women from the settlement, was willing to quit the island on the understanding that she would be conveyed to her own country, i.e. New Holland She was known as Sarah or Charlotte, and was about twenty years old. Fn 27

[p 40] On June 1st 1837, Kalloongoo was brought to Robinson’s settlement at Flinder’s Island and remained there until the 25 February 1839 when she was taken by Robinson to Port Phillip (Melbourne). Whilst at Flinders Island, Kalloongoo lived in Robinson’s house and worked for him as a domestic servant, and thus is the most likely source of the Kaurna wordlist. It is most likely that Charles Robinson recorded the wordlist somewhere between June 1837 and February 1839, as he was in constant contact with her during this period.

On arrival at Flinders lsland, Kalloongoo gave a lengthy account to Robinson of how she was kidnapped and her subsequent life with sealers on Kangaroo Island and in Bass Strait. In addition she provided specific details of her origins. Her interview with Robinson, as recorded in Robinson’s journal for June 2nd 1837, is provided here in full: Interrogated the woman who arrived last night from Woody Island; result as follows-(I) KAL.LOON.GOO, (2) COWWER.PITE.YER, (3) WIN.DEER.RER alias Sarah an aboriginal female of New Holland, the point opposite to Kangaroo Island, the west point of Port Lincoln. Was forcibly taken from her country by a sealer named James Allan who in company with another sealer Bill Johnson (this man was drowned subsequent to my visit to Port Philip) conveyed her across to Kangaroo Island where she remained for a considerable time until she was seized upon by Johnson and forced on board the schooner Henry J Griffith owner and master and brought to the straits, when Johnson sold her to Bill Dutton, who had subsequently abandoned her. She had a child by Dutton a girl which he took away with him. The woman states that at the time she was seized and torn from her country, Allan the sealer was led or guided to her encampment and where her mother and sister then was by two blackfellows her countrymen but not her tribe and who had been living with the sealers on the island [Kangaroo Island]. Said the blackfellows came sneaking and laid hold of my hand; the other girl ran away. The white man put a rope around my neck like a dog, tie up my hands. We slept in the bush one night and they then tied my legs. In the morning we went to the boat. They took me then to Kangaroo Island. She remained there a long time until she was brought away in the schooner [Henry owned by J. Griffith] to the straits. She said there were several New Holland [mainlander] black men on Kangaroo Island. Said two of them died from eating seal; her brother died also from eating seal. Said the sealers beat the black women plenty; they cut a piece of flesh off a woman’s buttock; cut off a boy’s ear, Emue’s boy. This woman [Emue] is now on Woody Island with Abyssinia Jack. The boy died in consequence of his wounds. They cut them with broad sealer’s knives. Said they tied them up and beat them and beat them with ropes. Fn 28 Bill Dutton beat her plenty. Said the sealers got drunk plenty and women get drunk too. Said the country where she came from was called BAT.BUN.GER [Patpangga = Rapid Bay] YANG.GAL.LALE.LAR [Yankalilla]. It is situate at the west point of St. Vincents Gulf. Said that Emue’s brother was her husband. It is on the sea coast; there is a long sandy beach with three rivers. MAN.NUNE.GAR is the name of the country where she was born. Kangaroo island is called DIRKI.YER.TUN.GER.YER.TER; WAT.ER.KER.TER, an island. (YAR.PER, a hole; called the hole in the cartilage of her nose YAR.PER.) (1) WHIRLE (2) WHIR.LE, house. Fire, KIR.LER. Wood, (1) NAR.RER (2) NAR.RAR.

[p 41] This aboriginal female of NH  KAL.LOON.GOO has a hole through the cartilage of her nose. She relates the following circumstances in reference to her removal from Kangaroo Island. She said one day the schooner Henry John Griffith master and owner came to Kangaroo Island. Allan was away at this time at another part of the island. Said that Johnson tied her hands and feet and put her on board of the schooner, when he and Harry Wally came away in the schooner to the islands in the straits. A sealer Harry Wally assisted in tying her. Subsequently Johnson sold her to Bill Dutton by whom she had a female child a girl. She had had a male child by a Sydney black a sealer. This child is the one now with her and is about five years of age. Bill Dutton stopped on Woody Island with Abyssinia Jack. He has left about ten moons, has gone away and married a white woman. He took his child the girl with him. She had heard this. He has gone whaling. The boy was born at a rock near to the Julians. She had the girl first by Bill Dutton. Said she was a big girl when Allan took her away from her own country. In answer to a question, ‘do you like this place’, she said ‘yes!’ ‘Do you want to go to Woody Island?’, ‘no, it is no good place, there is nothing there at all’. She got little to eat. Bill Dutton beat her with a rope. She was glad she had got away. In answer to several questions about God she answered she never learnt him, she did not know. The woman’s boy is about five years of age and is very interesting child. The features are European cast, thin lips and small features, and appears intelligent. So also does the mother. The woman’s features are similar to the boy’s. So soon as it was known at the native settlement that a New Holland woman had arrived all the native inhabitants were in motion and an evident excitement was created. Several of the native men came to my quarters but the greater part kept away from bashfulness. Before breakfast I walked with her to the native cottages and introduced her to the aborigines, and she met with a hearty welcome from those generous and simple hearted people. She appeared much delighted with her reception and there appeared a reciprocal feeling between this stranger and the resident aborigines. She brought a bitch and two pups with her. This morning she drew here rations from the store and was put on the strength of the establishment from yesterday the first of June ins!. Much curiosity prevailed on the part of the aborigines, and constant visits was made throughout the day at my house to see the stranger. About noon her son arrived in the boat. I shewed the various kinds of work performed by the male aborigines, the cultivated .land, the fencing, the road making, and the large heap of grass collected by the females, their knitting and domestic work, with the whole of which she appeared highly delighted and said she should like to learn to work like them. At 6 pm she accompanied me to the evening school and here she appeared to be quite overcome with astonishment at what she witnessed. This was a new scene, an epocha she had not possible conceived. Here she beheld people of her own colour engaged at learning what she could not comprehend native children teaching native men and women. Heard the whole in one united chorus singing the praises of God, of that being of whom she had not heard and of whom she acknowledged she had not the slightest conception. All was wonder to her poor untutored mind. I shall not easily forget with what astonishment she looked when the congregation began to sing, and it appeared equally a matter of surprise to her when the native men stood up to pray. She said she wished to learn and I instructed her in the alphabet, I suppose the first time in her life.

[p42] 3 June Sat This morning the aboriginal female of New Holland was brought to the office and interrogated by the Commandant in the presence of the storekeeper Mr L Dickenson and Mr Clark the catechist and which was signed by those gentlemen and is herewith annexed by which it will be seen that this poor creature has been cruelly treated and left in total ignorance of the Being of a God. She made the statement and answered the questions without the least embarrassment….This evening Charlotte was again surprised at what she witnessed at our family worship. On the arrival of this woman a new name was given her Le. Charlotte in lieu of Sarah by which latter she was called by the sealers, and it has been my practice to give new names to all who join the settlement from this class of individuals. She is very docile and quiet and appears industrious. She this day cleaned out my office. Fn 29

Kalloongoo, a Kaurna woman from the region south of Adelaide, and not from Port Lincoln Before proceeding further, it is necessary to clear up a point of confusion inherent in Robinson’s journal entry, and perpetuated in a number of secondary sources published since. Robinson’s interview with Kalloongoo quoted above begins with the statement that ‘KAL.LOON.GOO, (2) COWWER.PITE.YER, (3) WlN.DEER.RERalias Sarah [is] an aboriginal female of New Holland, the point opposite to Kangaroo Island, the west point of Port Lincoln’, Cumpston referring to this journal entry of Robinson’s reiterates that ‘Dutton had obtained a New Holland woman (from Port Lincoln) named Kal.loon.goo (Sarah/Charlotte)’. Fn 30

Barwick also referring to Robinson’s journal, this time for 9th January 1837, makes the statement that two of the women on Gun Carriage Island in the Furneaux Group between Flinders and Cape Barren Islands ‘were certainly from Port Lincoln. Fn 31 and cites personal communication with Plomley that ‘Kalloongoo or Sarah (then renamed Charlotte) was originally kidnapped from Port Lincoln (where she had been married to a brother of the woman Emue or Emme who became the wife of the Abyssinia Jack’ alias John Anderson)’. Fn 32 Mollison, also drawing on Robinson’s journals, refers to Kalloongoo as coming from Port Lincoln. Fn 33

However, later in the interview with Robinson, Kalloongoo ‘said the country where she came from was called BAT.BUN.GER [Patpangga = Rapid Bay] YANG.GAL. LALE.LAR [Yankalilla]. It is situate at the west point of St. Vincents Gulf’. Rapid Bay and Yankalilla are located to the south of Adelaide, north of Cape Jervis. The reference to Kalloongoo coming from Port Lincoln then is probably due to Robinson’s lack of knowledge of the geography of the South Australian coast. Robinson recorded this interview in 1837, one year after the establishment of the South Australian colony, when Port Lincoln was nothing more than a name and a dot on a map. The town of Port Lincoln was not surveyed until 1840.

Footnotes
20  Moore cited in Clarke, 1994: 7.
21 In 1822 a sealer was encountered on the South Island of New Zealand. ‘The man Stuart had come from Kangaroo Island with a wife of the country and two children to settle in New Zealand; but having with his family been taken prisoner by the natives IMaoris], he had adopted their customs [and] was employed by the chiefs… as a pilot…for finding all the different hiding places of the Americans’ (Cumpston, 1970, p. 63). It is unclear exactly when this woman, likely to have been a Kaurna woman, went to New Zealand. It is also known that in 1823 another woman from Kangaroo Island (possibly a Kaurna woman) was stranded on the South Island of New Zealand for a period of eight months with her small child. The other members of her sealing party belonging to an American ship, the General Gates, had been killed by Maoris. This South Australian woman returned to Sydney in April 1824. (Cumpston, 1970, p. 66). It is possible that these two accounts refer to the same woman, though the dates suggest otherwise.
22  Clarke 1994: 3.
23 Robinson in Plomley, 1966: 327, 335.
24 Plomley, 1966: 327.25 in Plomley, 1987: 366-67.
26 in Plomley, 1987: 416.
27 in Plomley, 1987: 695.
28 This account of cruelty given by Kalloongoo is closely corroborated by Anderson’s and Constable Munro’s versions of the same events documented by Robinson some years earlier in 1831 (Plomley ed. 1966, p. 357, 360, 462, 1010).
29  in Plomley, 1987, pp. 445-447.
30 Cumpston 1970, p. 170.
31  Barwick 1985, p. 212.
32  Barwick 1985, p. 231.
33  Mollison 1976.

Bibliography

Barwick, Diane E. 1985, ‘This Most Resolute Lady: A Biographical Puzzle.’ pp.185-239 in Barwick, D.E., Beckett, J. & Reay, M. (eds) Metaphors of Interpretation: Essays in Honour of W.E.H. Stanner. ANU Press, Canberra.

Clark, Philip forthcoming, ‘Early European Interaction with Aboriginal Hunters and Gatherers on Kangaroo Island, South Australia.’ Aboriginal History, 20, 1996.

Cumpston, J.S. 1970, Kangaroo Island 1800-1836. Roebuck Society, Canberra.

Plomley, N.J.B. (ed.) 1966, Friendly Mission: The Tasmanian Journals and Papers of George Augustus Robinson 1829-1834. Tasmanian Historical Research Association.

Plomley, N.J.B. 1976, A Word-list of the Tasmanian Aboriginal Languages. Govt printers/author, Hobart.

Plomley, N.J.B. Ed, 1987, Weep in Silence: A History of the Flinders Island Aboriginal Settlement. Blubber Head Press, Hobart.

Plomley, N.J,B. & K.A. Henley 1990, ‘The Sealers of Bass Strait and the Cape Barren Island Community’. PP THRA, Blubber Head Press, Hobart.

Children [unnamed]: John Boultbee: (P/H:59, en: 20) ”I have seen several of the offspring of these parties, they are a clever active sort of people and have a handsome countenance, notwithstanding the ugly physiognomies of their mothers. Their colour is copper, with a sort of rosy healthy hue, long but not lank hair, and their dispositions are very prepossessing. Some of them have been sent to Sydney for the purpose of being educated at the Government school”. Begg, A. Charles & Begg, Neil C.  1979  The world of John Boultbee : including an account of sealing in Australia and New Zealand / A. Charles Begg and Neil C. Begg Whitcoulls, Christchurch, p.62

Draft list –  named sealers In Tasmanian Waters

  1. William Aldridge
  2. James Allen
  3. John Anderson – AKA Abyssinia Jack
  4. Thomas Baily Thomas Bailey/
  5. John Baker
  6. George Bates Aka Fireball Bates
  7. Thomas Beedon/Beeton
  8. Bellarday
  9. George Belsey
  10. Billhook
  11. Thomas Bleak – 1829 – c16 –  Kents Group
  12. Samuel Bligh/Bly/Blithe
  13. George Briggs
  14. John Brown 1 Drowned 1818 ?
  15. John Brown 2 Drowned 1830 ?
  16. John Brown 3 ? on King Island in 1852
  17. Archibald Campbell
  18. Charley
  19. Samuel Rodman Chase
  20. William Cooper
  21. Daniel Cowper
  22. James Curley
  23. Cottrel Cochrane
  24. Davis
  25. John Day  – Aka William Day  – 1829 – c40 – Hogan Group
  26. John Dobson (Aka William Dobson) – Hunter Islands
  27. Robert Rew/Drew
  28. James Duncan
  29. William Pelham Dutton
  30. James Everett/Everitt
  31. Thomas Fisher
  32. Thomas Foster
  33. Fox
  34. Robert Gamble/Gemble
  35. John Griffiths [Son]
  36. Jonathan Griffiths [Father]
  37. Thomas Hamilton
  38. Edward Hanson    – Aka – Edward Tomlin/S [Son]
  39. John Harrington
  40. John Herrin Aka Harvey
  41. Hepthernet
  42. Antoine Hervel – Drowned
  43. David Howie
  44. Isaac
  45. William Johnson
  46. David Kelly Aka Kohn Kelly – 35
  47. James Kirby
  48. Robert Knight
  49. George? Knowles
  50. Little
  51. Dennis McCarthy [see K.R. Von Stieglitz, History of New Norfolk, p.24: “Another venture of McCarthy [ex Norfolk Island] was to Kangaroo Island to get seal skins in the Henrietta Packet and then in April 1817 he advertised for men to go whaling in the brig SPRING, but no report has come down to us of what happened”.
  52. Michael Mckenzie/Mackenzie
  53. Duncan Mcmillan
  54. Edward Mansell Aka Sydney
  55. Edward Mansfield
  56. Thomas Mason
  57. Richard Maynard Aka John Todd
  58. George Meredith
  59. John Mira/Miree/Myrie/Mirey
  60. John Mytie – c35 – Maori – Hercules Is  [is he the Jacky Mytie below ?… : 
    MYTIE  Jacky. Sailor
    1822 Apr 12
    Thomas Street, master of the “Sinbad”, permitted to employ for the procurement of cedar at Port Stephens (Reel 6009; 4/3505 p.148)
    http://colsec.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/colsec/m/F40c_mu-my-12.htm#TopOfPage 
  61. John Morgan/Hughes – convict – on king island in May 1831
  62. Patrick Morrison Aka John Morrison?
  63. Moss
  64. James Munro Or Munroe
  65. James Parish Or Parrish
  66. Charles Peterson
  67. William Proctor
  68. Robert Rew Or Rue – Hunter Is
  69. Michael Richards
  70. John Richardson
  71. John Riddle
  72. Robert Robertson
  73. George W Robinson
  74. Rogers
  75. John Scot Aka Old Scott
  76. John Scott Aka Young Scott Aka George Scott
  77. John Simmonds Kable NSW
  78. William Slack Aka Richard Slack
  79. John Smith – took Aboriginal women from the main. c45 in 1829
  80. John Smidmore
  81. Samuel Snailhouse
  82. John Starker Aka John Stocker
  83. Robert Stonehouse
  84. John Strugnell
  85. “Sydney Black”
  86. John Taylor – ‘mulatto’ USA – c38 – Kents Group – NZ woman
  87. John Thomas/James Thomas – Long Tom – ex Ltn pilot – Briggs afterwards sold her to John Thomas alias Long Tom for a Guinea “…this man is still living in Launceston and is employed as Seaman on Board of Griffiths” c1829-31
  88. Nathaniel Thomas
  89. James Thompson
  90. Tiger
  91. Samuel Tomlins [Father] Of Edward Tomlins
  92. Thomas Tucker
  93. Turnbull
  94. John Tyack
  95. Welsh Jack
  96. James West
  97. Henry Whalley
  98. John Williams 1
  99. John Williams 2 – Norfolk Island Jack, James Williams – Kent Group
  100. Yankee Bob

More info about the sealers from the above list:

Firstly – download this 14 page document – an exact transcript of George Augustus Robinson’s notes on the sealers of Bass Strait – an invaluable resource provided by the State Library of NSW:

acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/_transcript/2007/D00007/mss7059_robinson.pdf

Draft list –  named sealers In Tasmanian Waters

  1. William Aldridge
  2. James Allen
  3. John Anderson – AKA Abyssinia Jack
  4. Thomas Baily Thomas Bailey/
  5. John Baker
  6. George Bates Aka Fireball Bates
  7. Thomas Beedon/Beeton
  8. Bellarday
  9. George Belsey
  10. Billhook
  11. Thomas Bleak – 1829 – c16 –  Kents Group
  12. Samuel Bligh/Bly/Blithe
  13. George Briggs
  14. John Brown 1 Drowned 1818 ?
  15. John Brown 2 Drowned 1830 ?
  16. John Brown 3 ? on King Island in 1852
  17. Archibald Campbell
  18. Charley
  19. Samuel Rodman Chase / Chace : Death notice: Source: Sydney Gazette. July 26 1826. (originally from the COLONIAL TIMES. VDL. June 23)By the loss of the little Government vessel which lately sailed for Maria Island, we regret tos tate, that a widow and a large family are deprived of a father and husband. Mr.S.Chaise was the master of that vessel. He was an experienced navigator, and had been many years in the maritime service in these Colonies. We therefore trust that the Government may afford some relief to his disconsolate wife and orphan children, as they are left wholly unprovided for.' From Jenny Fawcett to Aus-Tas.+“ There was a Government schooner of 20 tons by the name "Despatch" that was built in Macquarie Harbour in 1825/26. Captain Samuel Rodman Chase. This little boat arrived Hobart on 17th February 1826, it then sailed from Hobart to Maria Island with provisions in March 1826 and was never to be seen again, presumed shipwrecked off Cape Pillar during a gale. The conflicting evidence regarding the demise of Capt Chase comes from Knopwood's Diary. On page 468 he writes that Chase is the commander of the "Governor Brisbane", colonial schooner. Knopwood says that this boat arrived Hobart on the 13th April 1826 from a sealing voyage, he has this boat departing again on the 23rd September 1826 on another sealing voyage.There is no further mention of the "Governor Brisbane" or of Samuel Rodman Chase in Knopwood's Diary after this entry. Samuel's widow, Marianne Letitia Chase (nee Collins) married John Davidson on the 7th May 1829 in Hobart. Marianne Letitia died in 1860 aged 72, however the register has her as Mary Ann Letitia Chase and not Davidson - how come? . There might be some Chace/Chase descendants on this list that maybe able to shed some light on these little dilemmas.” From Liz Penprase to Aus-Tas. Both above on Aus-Tas roots online http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/AUS-Tasmania/2004-05/1083472034
  20. William Cooper
  21. Daniel Cowper
  22. James Curley
  23. Cottrel Cochrane
  24. Davis
  25. John Day  – Aka William Day  – 1829 – c40 – Hogan Group
  26. John Dobson (Aka William Dobson) – Hunter Islands
  27. Robert Rew/Drew
  28. James Duncan
  29. William Pelham Dutton
  30. James Everett/Everitt
  31. Thomas Fisher
  32. Thomas Foster
  33. Fox
  34. Robert Gamble/Gemble
  35. John Griffiths [Son]
  36. Jonathan Griffiths [Father]
  37. Thomas Hamilton
  38. Edward Hanson    – Aka – Edward Tomlin/S [Son]
  39. John Harrington
  40. Samuel Harrington, Aboriginal son of John Harrington
    Samuel Harrington

    The Australian history of Samuel Harrington is more problematic. A published list of early 19th century sealer/Aboriginal liaisons in Tasmania has only one Harrington (Plomley and Henley 1990:64), who must logically be the same John Harrington said elsewhere in the same source to have lived in the Bass Strait islands with ‘WORE.TER.NEEM.ME.RUM.NER.TAT.TE.YEN.NE’, otherwise ‘Bet Smith’, who was abducted by him from Cape Portland as a child (Plomley 1966:1020). Harrington was, of course, a convict, who, two days after being discharged at Sydney on May 25 1820, sailed on the Little Mary for Port Dalrymple and Bass Strait (Plomley and Henley 1990:82–83) and the freedom of the sealing grounds. He drowned at Gun Carriage Island (now Vansittart Island, at the eastern end of the strait, which lies between Flinders and Cape Barren Islands) about December 1824, after which Bet Smith was ‘seized’ by Thomas Tucker, who sold her to Thomas Beadon (Plomley 1966:1020), or she was ‘claimed’ by John Williams (Plomley and Henley 1990:83). According to Robinson, Tucker was among those active in shooting Aboriginal men at their fires and then abducting their women (Plomley 1966:1017). Although the partner of John Harrington in the Plomley and Henley (1990:64) list is said to be from Van Diemen’s Land, rather than Australia (Cape Portland), this does not necessarily rule out Bet Smith or this particular Harrington. There is, however, a ‘half-caste’ Maria Harrington recorded twice by Plomley and Henley (1990:63): in 1827 aged 10 and living in the household of James Holman, and in an 1831 list of ‘half-caste’ children in Launceston, ‘aged about 17, a vagrant’. Maria cannot have been the child of a man who reached Tasmania in 1820, so there was one other Harrington/Aborigine liaison at least. Another John Harrington in Tasmania early enough to be the father of Maria, and perhaps Samuel, is listed among convicts brought from Norfolk Island in 1808 (Nobbs 1988:195), probably reaching Hobart on the City Of Edinburgh on October 5 that year (Nash pers comm. 2008). ‘T. McD.’ in The Lyttleton Times (July 6 1885) refers to Harrington at the time of a visit to Wairoa by Bishop Selwyn, Church of England archbishop of New Zealand, as follows: One very powerful fellow, a half-caste Australian black, was known by the name of Shiloh. He was “cock of the walk” at the Wairoa, being a first-class boat-steerer, harpooner, fighter, fifty-two inches round the chest, and a hard drinker. These virtues retained him possession of the position he had gained. The journal of Wairoa missionary the Reverend James Hamlin dates Selwyn’s visit to December 1845 (Hamlin Journal, December 9 and 11 1845, Hocken Library). Harrington was thus under Morrison at Wairoa, raising the possibility that he and perhaps Tomlins as well, and other Australian whalers, all came with Morrison at the end of 1843, possibly from Portland. Lambert (1925:370) writes that Harrington was a ‘Tasmanian half-caste’ who whaled at Mahia, Kinikini and Waikokopu and for Joseph Carroll at Te Hoe. Something of Harrington’s style is told by a court case regarding an incident at Mahia in 1851, reported by boatsteerer Joseph Mason (Hawke’s Bay Province, Donald McLean Papers, Folder 130A, Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington). Harrington is said to have threatened and attacked his men, intending, it seems, to make them leave and break their contracts so he would not have to pay them out at the end of the season. This suggests he was owner of the station; otherwise, he presumably would not have had to bear the cost. Mason wrote to Donald McLean, as the only Justice of the Peace in the region, complaining that he had been ‘most Barbarously ill treated and my life threatend by one Samuel Harrington in a most shocking manner and sent away without my wages’. According to Mason, one day in October 1851, Harrington ordered the boat launched from his station with the purpose of going across the bay to Waikokopu for rum: Some time after we arrived there he was intoxicated aboute 12 o’clock at night he came down to the Boat Swearing in a most awfull maner and Enquiring where Hooper another whaler was the answer was lying on the grass where drunken people in general lay, he ordered us to launch the Boat which we did, when a short distance on the water he got up as one deprived of all reason and Seized a Boat Spade used to cut up the Whale’s Blubber, and a most deadly instrument. The boat with Harrington and two European and five Maori whalers aboard got home ‘after a while and with much trouble’. Next morning, Harrington: … raving like a mad man took up an axx and threatening to kill all around. Struck one of the Natives on the Back but did not do him much hurt the Native runing at the time and he after him. He then took up a tomahawk, swearing to kill anyone who opposed him. The whalers kept away from him, ‘knowing that all our wages depended upon his honesty and being now to the amount of from £21 to £30 and upwards so that it appears that he did not wish to pay us …’. Harrington then set fire to a house used by his Maori whalers. The court case did not consider the violence, which was probably thought the business only of those involved. Instead, it set out to determine current whaling practice in order to establish the justice of Mason’s claim. Four affidavits dated December 6 1851 are important in describing whaling practice in the bay at the time. The court’s decision was for Mason to be paid out at a 1¼ share, although this may not have ended the matter, as among the case papers is a note: ‘Mason agrees to take the share of 1 & ¼ which canot agree to pay’, and initials which might be ‘SWH’. Other cases heard the same day were Mason versus Carroll, seeking payment for the repair of a boat, and Stewart versus Mason for defamation and assault (McLean Journal, Vol. 4, p. 68, Alexander Turnbull Library), so Mason, too, may have been a difficult character. Samuel John Harrington is listed in the 1858 Ahuriri and Hawke’s Bay electoral roll as ‘whaler’ of Mohaka, in Hawke’s Bay south of Wairoa, qualifying as a householder (Hawke’s Bay Herald August 28 1858). He is listed under Mahia as a whaler in the first issue of Wise’s Directory, published in 1875 (Feilding ed 1875). He died at Wairoa on December 15 1875 (Hawke’s Bay Herald December 17 1875). From: pp. 360-362 Trans-Tasman stories: Australian Aborigines in New Zealand sealing and shore whaling. Nigel Prickett, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Auckland, New Zealand nprickett@aucklandmuseum.com
  1. John Herrin Aka Harvey
  2. Hepthernet
  3. Antoine Hervel – Drowned
  4. David Howie
  5. Isaac
  6. William Johnson
  7. David Kelly Aka Kohn Kelly – 35
  8. James Kirby
  9. Robert Knight
  10. George? Knowles
  11. Little
  12. Dennis McCarthy [see K.R. Von Stieglitz, History of New Norfolk, p.24: “Another venture of McCarthy [ex Norfolk Island] was to Kangaroo Island to get seal skins in the Henrietta Packet and then in April 1817 he advertised for men to go whaling in the brig SPRING, but no report has come down to us of what happened”.
  13. Michael Mckenzie/Mackenzie
  14. Duncan Mcmillan
  15. Edward Mansell Aka Sydney
  16. Edward Mansfield
  17. Thomas Mason
  18. Richard Maynard Aka John Todd
  19. George Meredith
  20. John Mira/Miree/Myrie/Mirey
  21. John Mytie – c35 – Maori – Hercules Is
  22. John Morgan/Hughes – convict – on king island in May 1831
  23. Patrick Morrison Aka John Morrison?
  24. George Morrison was the son of Patrick Morrison, of County Tyrone, Ireland, who was convicted in March 1792, aged 19, and arrived in New South Wales on the Boddington on August 7 1793 on a seven-year sentence (Principal Superintendent of Convicts, Bound Indents, 1786–1799, State Records NSW). Patrick was one of many convicts who made for the sealing grounds when they finished their sentence. Having suffered for long under the often brutal and generally brutalising convict regime, they may have wished for nothing more than to go somewhere they would be left alone and where there was the prospect, at least, of earning a living, and possibly a great deal more. A generation later, whaling stations on both sides of the Tasman would offer the same attractions. The younger Morrison was born on August 12 1817 on King Island, Bass Strait (Figure 3), and baptised with his brother Charles, older by one year, on October 9 1821 at St Johns, Launceston, when the family was living at Georgetown on the Tamar estuary (Baptisms in the Parish of St Johns, Launceston, Microfilm RGD 32/1, 1170/1821, Tasmanian State Archives). In the baptism register, their mother is named ‘Elizabeth’ and described simply as ‘A Native’. Patrick Morrison is likely to be the same as buried at Launceston on March 19 1824 after drowning, although his age given as 54 does not quite match 19 years in 1792 (Register of Burials, RGD 34/1, 1803–1838, 883/1824, Tasmanian State Archives). At the time, he is said to have been living at Launceston. George Morrison may be the same as a Morrison in charge of a whaling party at Portland in 1837 (Townrow 1997:12), although he was 19 or 20 at the time, which is young for such a position. He first appears in New Zealand as whaling master at Macfarlane’s fishery at Wairoa, Hawke’s Bay (Figure 4), in its first seasons in 1844 and 1845 (NZ Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian Febuary 22 1845, December 6 1845), possibly arriving to set up the station when men and stores were landed from Macfarlane’s Kate in December 1843. This date is given as part of evidence in a court case arising from Morrison selling whalebone to a man named Crummer
    when the station’s production rightfully belonged to Macfarlane as owner (NZ Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian September 27 1845). Crummer and Morrison claimed that Morrison and others were at Wairoa setting up a ‘share party’ before Macfarlane first arrived at the end of 1843. If so, this did not change Macfarlane’s ownership of the fishery, although it does leave open the date of Morrison’s arrival. The court found for Macfarlane. Morrison was at Wairoa
    just two seasons (NZ Spectator and Cook’s Straits Guardian February 22 1845, December 6 1845) before managing Perry’s Waikokopu station in 1846 (Wakefield 1848:193). In August 1849, his schooner Neptune was wrecked at Long Point on Mahia Peninsula (Ingram 1984:37). Later records of his New Zealand career have not been found. 
    From: Trans-Tasman stories: Australian Aborigines in New Zealand sealing and shore whaling

    Nigel Prickett, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Auckland, New Zealand
    nprickett@aucklandmuseum.com “.p.357-358.
  25. Moss
  26. James Munro Or Munroe
  27. James Parish Or Parrish
  28. Charles Peterson
  29. William Proctor
  30. Robert Rew Or Rue – Hunter Is
  31. Michael Richards
  32. John Richardson
  33. John Riddle
  34. Robert Robertson
  35. George W Robinson

 From: Friendly Mission 10 November 1830

George Robinson lives on Woody Island. He is upwards of sixty years of age and is blind of one eye. A native of Scotland (the Clyde), Geordy Robinson came out free to Sydney in Governor Bowen’s time. (Underline indicates change made in accordance with ‘Supplement to Friendly Mission.’ N.J.B. Plomley THRA Papers ) Left with twenty-two others on account of some dispute with the Captain and came to VDL; was ten years on Kings Island. Spoke of two men who were murdered on Kings Island for their women. He has been industrious and has cultivated about two acres of land with wheat, potatoes, onions, cabbage &c. The wheat appeared very fine and was as high as my head, and the potatoes were excellent. The way the land is cultivated renders the place quite romantic, from the rocky place he has been obliged to cultivate in patches: (Underline indicates change made in accordance with ‘Supplement to Friendly Mission.’ N.J.B. Plomley THRA Papers ) you pass by winding walks through some underwood and then come to a beautiful cultivated spot and from thence to another. This island is altogether a beautiful place. He keeps fowls, pigs &c, and has several dogs and cats. Showed me the bacon he had made: was very good and the first made in the Straits. Gave me some hen’s eggs, two large pieces of crystal and some beads. He was very civil.

  1. Rogers
  2. John Scot Aka Old Scott
  3. John Scott Aka Young Scott Aka George Scott
  4. John SimmondsSimmons/Simons  Kable NSW
  5. William Slack Aka Richard Slack
  6. John Smith – took Aboriginal women from the main. c45 in 1829
  7. John Smidmore
  8. Samuel Snailhouse
  9. John Starker Aka John Stocker
  10. Robert Stonehouse
  11. John Strugnell
  12. “Sydney Black”
  13. John Taylor – ‘mulatto’ USA – c38 – Kents Group – NZ woman
  14. John Thomas/James Thomas – Long Tom – ex Ltn pilot – Briggs afterwards sold her to John Thomas alias Long Tom for a Guinea “…this man is still living in Launceston and is employed as Seaman on Board of Griffiths” c1829-31
  15. Nathaniel Thomas
  16. James Thompson
  17. Tiger
  18. Edward Tomlins – Tasmanian Aboriginal mother and european father Samuel Tomlins:
    “….With Australia the source of most New Zealand shore whalers, it is not surprising that one and two generations after the First Fleet sailed into Port Jackson some were of Aboriginal descent. Their fathers were convicts or ex-convicts. Mothers came from the many tribes that lived at or near the Australian coast and were largely dispossessed and dispersed early in the process of colonisation. The best known among them was Thomas Chaseland, whose convict father arrived in New South Wales in 1792 and later settled in the Hawkesbury district near Sydney. Chaseland was sealing at Foveaux Strait from c. 1824 and later whaled at several southern stations. Notable Hawke’s Bay whalers from the mixed-race sealing communities of Bass Strait and Kangaroo Island were George Morrison, Edward Tomlins and Samuel Harrington...”
    – And more from above source :
    [pp.358-160] Edward (Ned) Tomlins was born at Cape Barren in 1813 to Samuel Tomlins of Kangaroo Island
    (Plomley and Henley 1990:103) and a woman whose name George Robinson of the Tasmanian Aboriginal mission gives as POOL.RER.RE.NER, or BULL.RUB, BULLROE, BULRA and BOOLROI (Plomley 1966:1002). Edward was baptised at St John’s, Launceston, on January 22 1819 (Tipping 1988:197; Plomley and Henley 1990:103). His father was aged 20 when sentenced to seven years’ transportation, reaching Sydney in 1803 on the Calcutta and Hobart on January 1 1804 (Index to Tasmanian Convicts, Tasmanian State Archives; Tipping 1988:317; Plomley and Henley 1990:103). He was discharged in 1809 (Tipping 1988:197) and was soon on the sealing grounds between Australia and Van Diemen’s Land (Figures 1 and 3). Samuel Tomlins drowned in 1819 when the Jupiter was anchored at the Bay of Shoals, Kangaroo Island
    (Cumpston 1970:45; Plomley and Henley 1990:103). His son is also given as Tomlinson and ‘Edward Hanson’, although according to Plomley (1966:1016), the latter may be an error, since it appears only in part of Robinson’s journal which
    relies on a copy and where there are several apparently incorrect names. Robinson describes Tomlins in 1830 at Hunter Island as ‘a fine stout well-made young man about eighteen years of age’ (Plomley 1966:179). Plomley and Henley (1990:103) say he was 5 ft 8 inches (1.73 m) in height and stoutly built. George Dunderdale ([1898]:13) in ‘The Book of the Bush’ states that ‘Black Ned was a half-breed native of Kangaroo Island’. In 1830, he was living on Hunter
    Island with ‘NICK.ER.UM.POW.WER.RER.TER’, or ‘Mary’, of Leven River or Ben Lomond, Tasmania (Plomley 1966:1018). When Robinson visited in June 1830, the ‘head man’ of four Hunter Island sealers was Bay of Islands Maori ‘John Witieye’ (Plomley 1966:179), also probably an error, as elsewhere Robinson has MYTYE, MYTEE and MYET.EYE (Plomley 1966:1014). The name may have been ‘Maitai’. The other men were Robert Drew (Rew or Rue, see Plomley 1966:1015), David Kelly and ‘the half-caste youth, named Edward Hanson’ (Plomley 1966:180; but see above). In December 1830, Tomlins was one of five Hunter Island men marooned on the Clarke Island reef when their boat was lost (Figure 3). Two disappeared trying to reach safety in a makeshift craft, the others living for eight days on seal meat and blood before being rescued (Plomley 1966:295–296). In February 1832, Bulra arrived in Launceston from Kangaroo Island, where for years she had been living with a sealer named ‘Young Scott’ (Plomley 1966:801,1002). She went on to
    Hunter Island, probably because her son was there, but Edward left soon after on a whaling voyage to the ‘western coast of New Holland’, and may have sold or bartered his mother, who was soon living with John Dodson and then Robert ‘Rew’, both of them sealers and ex-convicts (Plomley 1966:1002). When Robinson returned to Hunter Island later in 1832, Bulra asked to be removed to the Aboriginal settlement on Flinders Island and was given up to him on August 17 (Plomley 1966:1002). At Flinders Island, she was probably at Lagoons until February 1833 and then at Wybalenna, when that settlement was established (see Birmingham 1992:129; Figure 3). In November 1832, Tomlins petitioned to have her returned to Hunter Island, but this was refused, Robinson advising: ‘… Tomlins is not a fit person to have charge of this woman he being wholly under the influence of the other sealers and himself addicted to drunkenness and immorality’ (Plomley 1966:802). Bulra died on Flinders Island probably before September 1835 (Plomley 1966:1002).
    Tipping (1988:317) states that Tomlins ‘was an associate of William Dutton in the early days of whaling at Portland Bay and became a famous harpooner’ (Figure 3). Nash (2003:91–92) has Dutton whaling for Launceston entrepreneurs Griffiths and Connolly in 1832 at Portland, which may have been the destination of Tomlins’ whaling voyage early that year (see above). He is also likely to have been one of 24 men taken to Portland by the Henry in April 1833
    (Cumpston 1970:120) for the second season. Dunderdale ([1898]:13) says that by 1835, Tomlins was ‘looked upon as the best whaler in the colonies, and the smartest man ever seen in a boat’. On March 19 1836, he left Launceston as a passenger on the Thistle (Index to Departures 1817–1867, from an original record POL (Port of Launceston) 458/2, p. 21, Tasmanian State Archives), probably for the Portland fishery at that time of year. The Thistle was at Portland
    as early as 1834, initially to set up the Henty station in opposition to Dutton (Cumpston 1970:123–124).
    On December 20 1836, ‘Edward Tomlinson’ was one of two headsmen on the barque Socrates (Captain Dutton), which left Launceston on a whaling voyage (POL 458/2, p. 56, Tasmanian State Archives). In early May 1836, the Socrates returned to Launceston from Portland with 23 tuns of sperm oil, with news that ‘bay whaling’ had commenced there (Chamberlain 1989:21). Thus, Tomlins at this time may have been whaling the year round, for sperm whales from the
    Socrates in summer and for right whales at Dutton’s Portland station from autumn to October. Cumpston (1970:115–125) has an account of Griffiths and the productive Portland fisheries (see Nash 2003:91–94). It is not known when Ned Tomlins arrived in Hawke’s Bay. Information on his New Zealand career comes largely from ‘An Old Colonist’, thought to be F.W.C. Sturm, writing in the Hawke’s Bay Herald in June 1868: ‘Where all were drunkards, Ned Tomlins was notorious; he was a valuable man, and an able headsman.’ In his ‘Old Wairoa’, Thomas Lambert (1925:368)
    describes Tomlins as ‘said to be one of the best whalers that ever stepped into a boat’ (apparently after Dunderdale), and recklessly generous, once giving away one of three sperm whales he had taken in exchange for a bucket of water. Lambert (1925:368) says he worked for Captain Mansfield and whaled out of Waikokopu and Kinikini. At Waikokopu, he probably whaled with Morrison, whom he may have known from Portland. Tomlins died there after a successful day’s whaling. More drunk than others who were playing cards, he was turned out of a house, but insisted on trying to get back in. Finally, he was hit by the station owner, a man named Perry, and thrown from the door, later to be found dead outside. Perry himself read the burial service. This happened before Perry died of ‘apoplexy’ on the beach at Mahia in 1853.
    Tomlins and Hipora Iwikatea of Mohaka had one son, also Edward Tomlins, who had three children, a girl Akenehi, a boy Tamati, and a second girl Hera. Hipora Iwikatea died on November 12 1900, her son Edward predeceasing her on December 15 1892 (Parsons pers comm. 2008). From: Trans-Tasman stories: Australian Aborigines in New Zealand sealing and shore whaling Nigel Prickett, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Auckland, New Zealand: nprickett@aucklandmuseum.com
  19. Samuel Tomlins [Father] Of Edward Tomlins – drowned between 11/1818 and March 1819.
    “…Captain Thomas Hammond of the colonial brig Endeayour was at the island early in l8l7 and found thirteen Europeans living there of whom only one is named, George Fifer. The Jupiter (Captain Ainsworth) reported the death by drowning of Samuel Tomlins, ‘one of the island men’, between November l8l8 and March 1819. From the report on Captain Sutherland’s visit in l8l9 we learn that ‘several Europeans assembled there; some who have run from ships that traded for salt; others from Sydney and Van Diemen’s Land, who were prisoners of the Crown’. They are complete  savages, living in bark huts like the natives, not cultivating anything, but living entirely on kangaroos, emus, and small porcupines, and getting spirits and tobacco in barter for the skins which they lay up during the sealing season. They dress in kangaroo skins without linen, and wear sandals made of sealskins. They smell like foxes. They have carried their daring acts to extreme, venturing on the mainland in their boats, and seizing on the natives, particularly the women, and keeping them in a state of slavery, cruelly beating them on every trifling occasion; and when at last some of the marauders were taken off the island by an expedition from New South Wales, these women were landed on the main with their children and dogs to procure a subsistence, not knowing how their own people might treat them after a long absence. Sutherland reported that there were about twelve sealers on the island <Kangaroo Island>, at an inlet of Salt Water Creek (South West River, between Cape de Couedic and Cape Bouguer). He did not name them. Although they grew no vegetables, they said there was a plant growing wild on the island that was as good as cabbage. When the brig Sophia (Captain James Kelly) reached Hobart from Macquarie….” [p.49 of Plomley and Henley]
  20. Thomas Tucker
  21. Turnbull
  22. John Tyack
  23. Welsh Jack
  24. James West
  25. Henry Whalley
  26. John Williams 1
  27. John Williams 2 – Norfolk Island Jack, James Williams – Kent Group
  28. Yankee Bob

More about sealing and New Zealand from From: Trans-Tasman stories: Australian Aborigines in New Zealand sealing and shore whaling, p.362 by Nigel Prickett, Auckland War Memorial Museum, Auckland, New Zealand
nprickett@aucklandmuseum.com  

“…In Making Peoples, historian James Belich (1996:131–132) notes the importance of the sealing industry to early Maori/Pakeha contact in southern New Zealand. He goes on, ‘Sealing also pioneered a Tasman world’, and he describes sealers, whalers and seamen who did not distinguish between two sides of the Tasman in their activities, with Bass and Foveaux Straits and the subantarctic islands all being referred to as the ‘Sealing Islands’, in ‘a joint past historians in both countries seem reluctant to recognise’. Sydney was for long one of New Zealand’s most important cities and New Zealand one of Sydney’s most important hinterlands (Belich 1996:134). Sealing and whaling industries developed capital needed for Australia’s early economic growth and were among New Zealand’s first significant commercial activities (see Steven 1965; Hainsworth
1972). Tomlins, Morrison and Harrington came from the mixed-race sealing communities of Bass Strait and Kangaroo Island. Robinson describes how sealers shot Aboriginal men as they sat around their fires, and then abducted the women (e.g. Plomley 1966:966). Or women were traded by Aborigines themselves, from their own tribes or others from which they had been abducted (Ryan 1977:30–31). At first, women were made available for the sealing season only, but as sealers began to stay on throughout the year, so too did their ‘wives’. By 1816, sealers each might have two to five women for sexual and domestic purposes. Robinson refers to them as ‘slaves’ (Plomley 1966:1008). In 1830, Tomlins’ headsman at Hunter Island, the Maori ‘John Witieye’, had two women (Plomley 1966:180). Coastal tribes were devastated, Robinson reporting just three women with 72 men in Tasmania’s northeast, also in 1830 (Plomley 1966:966).

Sealers in Bass Strait and elsewhere in Australian waters 1806 [From: Musters of NSW and Norfolk Island 1805-1806, Edited by Carol J. Baxter. ABGR, Sydney, 1989.]

ref name ship condition How employed/with whom lives (Females) Page #
A0063 John Atch ? ? Sealing. Kable’s employ 6
A0064 James Anderson Sealing. Kable’s employ 6
A0065 Andrew Anderson Sealing. Kable’s employ 6
A0452 George Briggs ? EC Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0453 Patrick Brennan ? EC Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0454 James Buckles ? EC Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0455 John Boxo ? EC Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
AO456 William Bentley ? EC Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0475 William Batty ? CE Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0476 Mr Owen Bunker ? CE Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0477 William Brown Royal Admiral 2 CE Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0478 Henry Bloom CE Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0479 John Burke CE Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0480 Richard Barnet CE Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0481 Edward Beckford CE Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0482 James Barnet CE Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0483 Henry Baker CF Sealing. Kable’s employ 16
A0856 William Clarke Minorca Sealing. Kable’s employ 25
A0857 Edward Crowder Sealing. Kable’s employ 25
A0858 John Carroll Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0859 George Curry Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0860 George Colston Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0861 Samuel Caswell Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0862 Isac Cundle Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0863 Robert Cox Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0864 John Clements Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0865 William  Croker Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0866 John Childs Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0867 James Cooper Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0868 Robert Charles Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0869 Miles Campbell Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A0870 Robert Curren Sealing. In employ of Kable 25
A1222 Hugh Daley Sealing. Kable’s employ 33
A1123 Benedict De Crouze Sealing. Kable’s employ 33
A1224 Jeremy Dunn Sealing. Kable’s employ 33
A1225 John Dezouch Sealing. Kable’s employ 33
A1226 Patrick Donnelly Sealing. Kable’s employ 33
A1227 John Davis Sealing. Kable’s employ 33
A1394 James Everard p Sealing. Kable’s employ 37
A1395 Joseph Eyles p Sealing. Kable’s employ 37
A1523 William Fletcher Sealing. Kable’s employ 40
A1524 Samuel Fry Sealing. Kable’s employ 40
A1525 William Fletcher Sealing. Kable’s employ 40
A1526 Daniel Flannedy Sealing. Kable’s employ 40
A1717 Gilbert Grant Sealing. Kable’s employ 44
A1718 Richard Guttridge Royal Admiral Sealing. Kable’s employ 44
A1719 James Guilder Royal Admiral 2 Sealing. Kable’s employ 44
A1720 John Gepp Sealing. Kable’s employ 44
A2006 William Haines Royal Admiral Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2007 Thomas Holt Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2008 John Harrington Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2009 Benjamin Haines Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2010 John Hyams Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2011 William Hockam Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2012 William Howell Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2013 John Howe Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2014 William Harriman Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2015 Richard Hodden Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2016 Francis Hearne Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2017 Thomas Holford Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2018 Miles Holding Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2019 John Haywood Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2020 Edward Hamilton Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2021 Edward Hogan Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2022 Harry Otaheitean. Sealing.Kable’s employ 51
A2023 William Harding Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2024 John Hunt Sealing. Kable’s employ 51
A2329 George Johnson Matilda Sealing. Kable’s employ 58
A2330 Robert Jackson Sealing. Kable’s employ 58
A2331 Benjamin Johnson Sealing. Kable’s employ 58
A2332 William Jones Sealing. Kable’s employ 58
A2333 Samuel Jeffries Sealing. Kable’s employ 58
A2334 Robert Jones Sealing. Kable’s employ 58
A2490 Abraham Kemp Sealing. Kable’s employ 61
A2491 Thomas Kenny Sealing. Kable’s employ 61
A2492 Robert Knight Sealing. Kable’s employ 61
A2493 William Kimber Sealing. Kable’s employ 62
A2494 James Kelly Sealing. Kable’s employ 62
A2495 Edward Kelly Sealing. Kable’s employ 63
A2652 Nathaniel Lloyd Earl Cornwallis Sealing. Kable’s employ 65
A2653 Thomas Larkin Sealing. Kable’s employ 65
A2654 Benjamin Leveret Sealing. Kable’s employ 65
A2655 John Lewis Sealing. Kable’s employ 65
A2656 Simon Lord Sealing. Kable’s employ 65
A2657 Jeremiah Laws Sealing. Kable’s employ 65
A2982 Thomas Miller Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2983 Patrick McDonough Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2984 Philip McDermot Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2985 BartholemewMcDermot Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2986 Thomas Murphy Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2987 William McGenis Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2988 Joseph Malony Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2989 James Moffatt Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2990 James McCormick Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2991 Matthew William Moody Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2992 George Mowbray Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2993 Henry Moody Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2994 William Morris Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2995 Barnard McCabe Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2996 Timothy McNamara Rolla p Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A2997 Michael Minton p Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A3296 Thomas Noble Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A3297 John Nimmo Sealing. Kable’s employ 73
A3358 Joseph Oliphant CF Sealing. Kable’s employ 81
A3504 William Portuguese P Sealing. Kable’s employ 84
A3505 Joseph Phillips Sealing. Kable’s employ 84
A3506 Edward Powell Sealing. Kable’s employ 84
A3739 William Rook Sealing. Kable’s employ 90
A3740 Michael Rogers Apprentice. Sealing. Kable’s employ 90
A3741 John Rogers Sealing. Kable’s employ 90
A3742 Michael Roderick Sealing. Kable’s employ 90
A4059 Francis Stafford Atlas 1 Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4060 Thomas Story Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4061 Samuel Stanyard Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4062 Thomas Stepney Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4063 John Stewart Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4064 John Smith Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4065 Robert Sirius Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4066 John Silvester Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4067 John Simmonds Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4068 James Salway Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4069 Henry Shippey Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4070 William Sawers Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4071 Thomas Sumberland [Cumberland?] Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4072 John Spain Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4074 Richard Siddins Sealing. Kable’s employ 97
A4358 John Thompson Sealing. Employed by Mr Kable. 103
A4359 William Tucker Sealing. Employed by Mr Kable. 103
A4360 Nicholas Thompson Sealing. Employed by Mr Kable. 103
A4361 William Thomas Sealing. Employed by Mr Kable. 104
A4362 William Taylor Sealing. Employed by Mr Kable. 104
A4363 William Toon Sealing. Employed by Mr Kable. 104
A4672 John Wybrow Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4673 Thomas Willington Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4674 William Justerman Wood Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4675 Charles Wilson Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4676 William West Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4677 John Williams Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4678 Henry Watson Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4679 William Wright Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4680 Thomas Williams Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
A4681 William Warner Sealing. Kable’s employ 111
1 A0007 John Ancey Tellicherry cf Selfseaman 6
A0015 William Austin Rolla CF Sailor, john austin 6
A0132 Thomas Barnett Royal Admiral 2 fbs Self.boatman 8
A0136 John Burne Queen fbs Self. boatman 8
A0183 William [Billy] Blue Minorca fbs Self. boatman 8
A0484 Thomas Browning CF Cooper. Kable’s employ 16
A0485 Samuel Baxter CF Carpenter. Kable’s employ 16
A0486 John Baylis CF Carpenter. Kable’s employ 16
A0487 James Brown CF Carpenter. Kable’s employ 16
A0667 John Collins fbs Boatman. W Miller 21
A0829 John Cable Gorgon fbs John Griffiths 24
A0854 John Culverton H Kable 25
A0855 John Chapman Barwell H Kable 25
AO1099 Hugh Dogherty Queen fbs Self boatman 25
A01141 William Denman Matilda fbs Self. boatman 25
A1354 John Ellard Sugar Cane fbs Self Boatman 36
A1356 Nathaniel Eskett Perseus fbs Self Boatman 36
A1442 Joseph Flood Boddingtons fbs boatman 38
A1527 Thomas Farrell Labourer. Kable’s employ 40
A1872 George Howard Coromandel 1 fbs Self. boatman 48
A2251 Robert Jackson Perseus fbs Self. boatman 56
A2260 Thomas Johnson Neptune fbs Self. boatman 56
A2261 William Jenkins Hillsborough fbs Self. boatman 56
A2428 John Kearns Porpoise cf Sailor. Mr Grimes 60
A2596 Andrew Lusk Barwell EC Self. boatman 64
A2648 George Lowe Glatton P Boats Crew Sydney 65
A2761 Patrick Morrison Boddingtons fbs Self. seaman 68
A2778 William Miller Albermarle fbs Self.boatman 68
A3339 Thomas Oldnell Barwell ec Self.boatman 81
A3356 Thomas Oldesley Pitt CF Jonathan Griffiths 81
A3396 Benjamin Peate Salamander FBS Self.boatman 82
A3424 William Parish Neptune FBS Boat builder. J Underwood 82
S3507 William Parish P Carpenter Kable’s employ 84
A3646 Joseph Robinson Active fbs Boatman. Thomas Johnson 87
A3798 Mary Rogers William Pitt P TL John Marks, sailor 91
A3878 Co. Savage Experiment CF Seaman, J Nicholls 93
A3887 Robert Shriever Pitt 1 EC Self. boat builder 93
A3888 Robert Serring Royal Admiral1 FBS Self. seaman 93
A3897 Samuel Stephens Scarborough 2 EC Self. boat builder 93
A3905 James Sutherland Albermarle FBS Boatman. W Millar 93
A4282 Stephen Thorn Union P Shipwright. J Underwood 102
A4468 William Vaughan Pitt fbs Self. boatman 106
A4474 Usingema Endeavour cf Lascar. William Skinner 106
A4494 John White Scarborough EC Shipwright. J Underwood 107
A4537 William Watkins Pitt fbs Self. boatman 107
A4548 Thomas Warner Albermarle fbs Seaman. Capt McArthur 108

DRAFT LIST – More information about non Aboriginal people in Bass Strait or linked with Bass Strait – alphabetical by name – people of interest [please post any contributions to the message box below]:

CAMPBELL

William FREEMAN: Workmen ashore were paid daily wages. Mariners were usually paid wages with the master sometimes taking a share of the catch to whet his enthusiasm. However, after about 1809 we find mariners being paid in LAYS at times, both of catches and of theproceeds of other voyages. The sealers themselves were paid in lays, that is, aspecified percentage of the total catch of the fangs to which they belonged. Some shore personnel occasionally went to the sealing grounds, as when cooper William Freeman was paid 120 pounds to go to King Island to make  barrels. TA 1 No 289 Mitchell lib MSS A 3609.[Ref.?]

KABLE:

In 1805 a boat from Cape Barren rowed (?) to Port Dalrymple to beg provisions from Lieut Gov Paterson for 20 men in Kable and Underwood’s employ. A Campbell crew in the same area had been 10 weeks without provisions, and were ‘languishing  in cold and hunger’  HRNSW v  688 Campbell usually allowed 7 lbs of meat a week, a pound of sugar, but only 8 pounds of flour or biscuit. When rations were exhausted the men were compensated at 10s a week. [Iron: 22]

William MORIARTY

UNDERWOOD


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Responses

  1. A really interesting site dealing with people who don’t usually get a look-in and a part of our history we know so little about. Thanks, and we’ll be encouraging people to make a visit.

  2. Which school were the children sent to in Sydney? I want to follow this up. John Boultbee: (P/H:59, en: 20) ”I have seen several of the offspring of these parties, they are a clever active sort of people and have a handsome countenance, notwithstanding the ugly physiognomies of their mothers. Their colour is copper, with a sort of rosy healthy hue, long but not lank hair, and their dispositions are very prepossessing. Some of them have been sent to Sydney for the purpose of being educated at the Government school”.

    • Hello Janet
      I have tried to chase this up but have not figured if this were true and if so where – eg: Parramatta Native Institution ? and how many children were sent and did they come ‘home’ ?
      Hope we might figure it out. Or someone who has might let me know and I’II post that.
      All the best
      Julie

      • Hi Julie and Janet, this book may be useful, even if it is just for the references of the school’s records:

        Brook, J., and Kohen. J. L., The Parramatta Native Institution and the Black Town. A History. New South Wales University Press, New South Wales, 1991

        It’s been a while since I read it but I don’t remember them referring to Bass Strait children. However the child who was removed from sealers in King George Sound WA 1827 was sent there.

  3. researching family tree which includes Pleenperrenner’s daughter. This the clearest documentation I have seen. Other references that you could cite would be appreciated.

    • Hi Barbara, My Name is Damon Brown. Just wondering how much info you have on Pleenerrenner. My great great grandmother was Letitia Knights, nee Potter. Daughter of Mary Anne Potter, nee Brown who is the Daughter of John Brown and Pleenperrenner, Also known as Nancy Brown. Supposedly Mannalargenna (Aboriginal leader of the Cape Portland People was Pleenperrenners father.

      • I would like to find out more about my family but want to make sure it is absolutely correct. thanks

      • i don’t think damon there is a connection to mannalargenna he is from a different family

      • hi again damon i would like to tell ya about mannalargenna was the father of worretemoeteyenner who was his daughter
        he was not the father of pleenperenna as she is from a different family altogether
        just letting you know
        thanks goodluck i hope u find what u are looking for

  4. is there anyway possible to find out what happened to a Jane Smith 1824-1886 born on tin kettle island to the sealer John Smith and his partner Pleenperrenner I know she was at Wybalenna with her mother for a while then just seems to disappear could she be the Ann White who married Charles Tatnell in 1843 and was always known as Jane?

    • um hi roslyn the only way to find out things it can be very complicated as i starting out myself in terms of family history the tatnells are not aboriginal but the white family are aboriginal 1

      2 but with pleenperenna was the wife of john brown but the best i can advise you to do is ring maurice potter at south arm here in hobart as you maybe connected to the potter family he may be able to help u out in some way i think

      but i don’t think there is no connection to the tatnell family so i hope this info helps best as possible

      please don’t be offended or take things the wrong way.

      from alinta. enjoy your day or you can go to the archives would be another avenue to go down or visit if you have a computer the south arm potter family history website just in case you and i maybe connected in some way

    • or another person that could be related to the potters on this site his name is damon so you can reply he might be the best person i think and you may have a bit of luck if you reply to him and might shed some more light for ya

      thanks.

    • hi roslyn you maybe very interested to know that john smith may well have been the father of my 2x great great aunty fanny cochrane

      • hi roslyn just wanto to let u know that john smith was also john cochrane
        kindest regards

  5. Does anyone have the descendants of the sealer William Cooper, who paired up with the Aboriginal woman Sal in the new colony of South Australia? I think I’m descended from him; we have confirmed Aboriginal genes….

    • You could look for infomation at the Penneshaw or Kingscote museums on Kangaroo Island. I am researching aboriginal history near Yankalilla so it can be incorporated into our districts future as it is absent at present. Many women were forceably taken to KI by the sealers from the Yankalilla district before settlement.There are many referances to Sal on KI. I am looking at Kalloongoo and Condoy’s family as there is historical referances available.
      Des.

      • i am a descendant of Ramindjeri – King Condoy & Kalinga,

      • Hi Laura,
        I have some infomation about Condoy (Old Con) who helped solve the mystery of the dissapearance of Captain Barker. My email address is dsandkcgubbin@bigpond.com if any one is interested.
        Histotical Researcher Des Gubbin.

      • Thanks Des, I live a long way from SA now. Have to do everything online. I have lots of info now, but one vital connection still missing! If I can find that William Cooper and Sall had a son named Thomas who married a Betsy Emma Johnson, then I’m home!

  6. Nathaniel Thomas (sealer) took Tasmanian Aboriginal Betty to Kangaroo Island around 1820s – any idea of Betty’s Aboriginal name? Refer: Rebe Taylor’s book – “Unearthed”

  7. does anyone have any information or know of captain Johnson who drowned in a boating accident while saving his daughter hareta.

  8. The name of the Aboriginal lady whose number (14) on the list is Mary Mnnermannemener. She is a distant relative of mine. She was with John Scott the sealer on King Island. If anyone knows any information on her I would like to be contacted. Thank you.

    • Liarne,
      Please contact me ASAP re info on John Scott connection.
      Peter Bakker
      Hamilton
      Victoria

      • Hi I am the great great great granddaughter of John Scott(Scot) from King Island. Mary was his partner and the mother of his children. I would be interested in hearing from any other descendents. Looking forward to your reply.. Thanks 🙂

      • Hi Peter my name is Sandra and I am the great great great granddaughter of John Scott of King Island. If you wish to contact me my email address is sanstu@bigpond.com
        Thanks

      • Hi sorry that I haven’t contacted you before now.
        I have John Scott’s court case in Lanarkshire Scotland. His brothers last confession (that John was not involved) before he was hung. John’s pardon within 6 months of his trial. However, he did not recieve it nor the authorities here.The ‘Pitt” is the ship he came over here in. Employment, muster records etc. My family line right down to me.
        Cheers
        Liarne

      • Hi Peter,
        My email is liarnehowarth@gmail.com
        Cheers
        Liarne

  9. Am looking for descendants of Poolrerrener my great-great-great grandmother. She had four (4) children – Puekerterponner, Megobunner, Bullrer, and Edward my great-great grandfather. Can anyone help reconnect me with family in Tasmania. Muchly appreciated.

    • I am researching the Poolrerrener descendants starting from Edward (Tomlins) His Father was also Edward Tomlins and am tracing his descendants to New Zealand then back to Australia where I have contact with his great great great grandson, it would be great to share knowledge of this family so that I am able to get a direct line family tree together
      email: poolrerrener@clickatech.com

      • hi jeffrey there is no australian, or new zealand heritage in the family who is mainly from tassie poolererrener
        just letting you know
        thankyou.

      • hi again jeffrey the tomlins family do not come into the direct aboriginal family line tairura has stated above on her side and my the direct lines are the aboriginal dwyers, cliffords, truganini the pross family who happen to be descendants bullerer married king tippo later in life from oyster cove and fanny cochrane
        now please don’t take offence to this.
        there no known descendants in new zealand or in australia

        but only from oyster cove in hobart and poolerrener was from north of tasmania
        the tomlin family are not related to my direct family line , they would have to be on a different side or very much a different family

        as i have made contact with my cousin and the name tomlin did not come up in the family tree at all when my cousins mother did , but then we don’t know what happened to or with the family tree

        so tairura and i could well be cousins somewhere along the line

        but what we do know is there is only full blood aboriginal people in the direct line
        thankyou very much

        i hope u understand , but do not take offence my appologies if i offended u in any way at all wiv the last comment

        and goodluck with the tomlin family but to bear in mind they could be very distant or not by blood because for people to be connected it has to be by blood only
        please and thankyou.

      • hi jeffery lawson just would like to say please do not take my comments off this website, i have put them for family history purposes please

    • yes hi tairua glad you are looking to know who descendants are the pross family

    • hi again tairua, also there is no new zealand heritage in the bloodline you are refering to we go back as my 2 grandmothers are from oyster cove – closley related to truganini only trying to find who my ancestors are.
      i hope this helps

  10. does anyone have any information on Catherine Anderson, a daughter of Black Jack Anderson who was taken in by Jonathan Griffiths to Launceston and stayed there for some years

    • John I would like to contact you re Jonathan Griffiths story. I have recognised your name from research handed on to me from Maxine Hill in the 1990s. I am a descendant of Ann Potts. After all these years I am writing a book about J’n and Eleanor’s life. I am endeavouring to verify information from original sources where possible. Also seeking Thomas Griffiths (J’ns father) heritage. Also looking for more info re James Kirby.

      • Dear Rhonda, We are related to Jonathan Griffiths and Eleanor McDonald by the marriages of one of their sons, one of their daughters and a stepson(?) into the Thorley family. Jonathan and Samuel Thorley (1769–1821), who arrived on the Active in 1791, were friends who went into business together, building ships on the Hawkesbury at Richmond. As you would know Eleanor was buried in St Peter’s Church cemetery at Richmond. There is also a Thorley vault there where Samuel and other Thorleys are buried. I have just returned from Norfolk Island where I have found out some more (not much but leading to a lot more questions) about Jonathan’s and Eleanor’s time there. Am also interested in the relationship to the Kirbys and a lot more. Would love to correspond. Best wishes, Jane Morrison

  11. I am trying to trace information on my great great grandmother Sarah Ann Kenzi born on Flinders Island in 1839. I can find no information about her mother or father. Please email if you can help out.
    Many thanks

    • I have the same connection Morgen
      Did you have any luck??

    • The following website maybe of interest.Tindale used OCR software in 1953 to copy these records from the Queen Vic Museum in Launceston. Your ancestor does not appear to be on the list.
      http://www.cifhs.com/tasrecords/growthofapeople.html

    • Sarah Ann Kenzie was also my great great grandmother. S K Davie coxswain of the fleet on FlindersIs and later store-man at Oyster Cove aboriginal settlement was her guardian. Who were her natural parents? Why was she in Davie s care?

      • Hi Pauline, I can’t seem to find this information out, but will keep trying and let you know if I do.
        Kind regards Morgen

      • http://www.chestnut-blue.com/Chestnut%20Blue-o/p1111.htm#i59419

        Pauline,
        This website lists some information.
        Kind regards Morgen

  12. I am a descendant of Black Ned Tomlins and Hipora Iwikatea who had 3 children (1) ,Akenehi a wahine (female)( 2), Tamati a tane (boy) and sec wahine Hera (3) I have most of historian information , I believe their is a photo of my great great great grandparents (Ned Tomlins & Hipora Iwikatea) Can any help, what or where I would find such photos , trying to look for the right website .. the photos do exist .. finding the website

    Much appreciated .. .

    • Hi Vallie, hope you’re stil receiviung out there. I’m writing about various sealers who ended up at King Georges Sound in 1826. ned Tomlins was one of them, If you ever did find that picture I’d love a digital copy to paste up on my blog, theviewfrommountclarence.blogspot.com Also looking for any info on a Maori named William Hook, aged abut 16 in 1826, from KeriKeri, Bay of Islands, by all accounts..

    • Hi Vallie.can you contact me at jeff@clickatech.com
      I am trying to get more information on Black Ned and his mother Bulra
      hopefully we both might be able to help each other, I also will have access to photos of black Ned which will be added to the web site we are building for the Djerriwarrh Te Moana Nui A Kiwa Aboriginal Corporation

      • Tena koe Vallie,
        I am the grand daughter of Akenehi and I would like to know more of my whakapapa on this side of my whanau back to Black Ned Tomlins and before him I have a photo of my nan would be very much appreciated.

    • @ Vallie
      The photo does exist, I have access to one that will be added to a website soon,
      when I have more time and you contact me
      @ Ciaran Lynch, I am waiting to receive a proper copy of Black Neds photo and when I get it will let you know.
      we have the direct line back from Edward Thomlins and Bulra to today.
      from Black Ned marrying Hipora to Hera and her children, but would like more on the other two children.
      once I get all this i will add it to the web site for all to see,
      @ Phyllis Ratima
      Even today the family name keeps running through from the 1800’s with Edward Thomas (Noa) being a great great grandson of black Ned, he lives in Victoria Australia and has all the information you may need.
      contact me via email which is above.
      I will reply,

      • sorry made a mistake
        I said Edward Tomlins , it should have been Samuel Tomlins father to Edward Tomlins

      • Kia Ora Vallie,
        Our family comes down the Akenehi line, Akenehi 1st marriage was to a Takahi they had a son Naita Takahi, he married Roka Nikora they had 2 kids My nanny Hariata Cracknell (Takahi) and her brother Naita jr (Cocky) Takahi. Akenehi 2nd marriage was to a Nicholson…I hope this helps you

      • Jeffrey, have you read The Sound by Sarah Drummond? Novel; released last year about sealers ranging from New Zealand to far Western Australia. The main male character is loosley based on Ned Tomlins’ story. If thet photo was available I’d post it up and credit it of course on http://www.theviewfrommountclarence.com

        Link to review of The Sound here

        http://www.theviewfrommountclarence.com/?p=23563

        Best wishes,

        Ciaran Lynch

  13. Re: No 5. Gudegui [AKA Kude Karra AKA the Ranger – lived on King Island from c.1830s to 1850s without men]. A black woman belonging to Wm Dutton was landed at King Island from the vessel Thistle that had left Portland for Launceston on Monday 5th January 1835,See The Henty Journals p.46. This female was possibly The Ranger.

  14. I am looking for details of a “native female servant” named Black Mog who was reported to have been taken from the Hawkesbury River by John Plummer to the River Tamar in Launceston. The Griffiths and Plummers were boat builders in Launceston. Black Mog eventually drowned off Stanley (Tas.) in 1851 and her body was buried there by the Rev. T. N. Grigg.

  15. Hello all researchers of Bass Strait biographies. There are a couple of books that might be useful if you haven’t seen them already: JS Cumpston, Kangaroo Island 1800–1836, and JW Powling, Port Fairy: the First Fifty Years, William Heinemann, 1980 (Third Imprint 2006). Powling mentions a Mrs Dunlop who ran a mission on Griffiths Island at Port Fairy up to 1853. The Aboriginal name for Port Fairy was “Py-ip-gil” and of Griffths Island, “Mallin” or “Mallone”. During the whaling season upwards of 800 Aboriginal people congregated at Tare-rer, a large swamp east of Port Fairy. There were about 60 Aboriginal people at Tare-rer Conedects (no location given). Powling also refers to the unfair treatment of Aborigines and that the 1857 Census for the Belfast District (in which Port Fairy is located) included 49 Aboriginal people.

    Jonathan Griffiths, orphaned at the age of 10, was an English convict who arrived at Port Jackson, New South Wales on the Scarborough on 28 June 1790. He had been sentenced for seven years for stealing a box of clothes. A few weeks after he arrived at Port Jackson he was sent to Norfolk Island. While there he and Eleanor McDonald teamed up. Eleanor was a convict from Dublin who arrived on the Queen in 1791, the first ship to convey Irish convicts to New South Wales. Eleanor too was despatched to Norfolk Island, arriving there on 23 April 1791. Jonathan apparently learnt how to build boats on Norfolk Island. Later, when he returned to Sydney after serving out his sentence on Norfolk Island he was granted some land at Mulgrave Place, Hawkesbury River with others. He began farming and later building ships with others on the Hawkesbury. Jonathan and Eleanor never married (he was Protestant, she Catholic) but they had 10 children together, including five sons–Thomas Griffiths (1797–1826), John Griffiths (c. 1798–1870), William Griffiths (1803–1881), James Griffiths (1808–??) and Henry Griffiths (1812–1889). Jonathan became involved in the sealing and other trade from Sydney to southern ports apart from other business activities. After some years on the Hawkesbury, Jonathan took three of his sons, including John, to Launceston. Eleanor visited but lasted out her days with one of her daughters and grandchildren on the Hawkesbury. At Launceston, Jonathan and his sons took up land, built buildings like a brewery and were also involved in the sealing and whaling industries that took them to Port Fairy and Kangaroo Island. Jonathan died at Port Fairy in November 1839. There is an entry about Jonathan Griffiths which mentions his son, John, in the Australian Dictionary of Biography. This is available online.

  16. Pollerwotteltelterrunner [AKA Wyyerlooberer/Margaret/Pecocally, bc.c1811, brother was Woretenattelargenne, Abducted when a children by Michael MCKENZIE who sold her to James THOMPSON [d.1835] who lent her to Richard MAYNARD on Gun Carriage Island, removed by James PARISH to the Aboriginal Settlement FM 11/12/1830, had an infant by Richard MAYNARD, p.119]

    Above is my family history if anyone can help with finding out anymore at all I’d so much appreciate it thanks

    • I also have Woreterlokekoteyer Born c.1806 Cape Portland, Little Musselroe AKA Issac whom I believe to be known as black Judy and was with sealer Edward mansell anything to help me
      In gaining more info on any of these ppl would be much appreciated

      • Laura Pearce

        Auntie Patsy Cameron may be able to help as she descends through Granny Black Judy as she is known here in Tasmania.
        Phone number is, 0363 552 338

        Dyan Summers.

  17. in 2012 my cousin was researching my our family tree in reunion island france we were researching our French ancestor joseph Louis villepastour born st denis reunion island 1855 .the genealogist at st denis reunion said that Australian aboriginals were sent to the island .it appears 1848-1862 Australian aboriginals sent to work in sugar production . if you look at (histoire isle da la reuinion) there is some info .in the (gallica biblitheque ) leon maillard book 1862 (australien indigenes esclavage malais importes )

  18. Hello, My name is Richie Kennedy. I was wondering if anybody has any information on John Strugnell, if you do you can contact me on my email address (riken@live.com.au), cheers.

    • hi richie john strugnell well all i can tell ya is that louise esmae briggs had a child a daughter called lousia briggs who married john strugnell but was the neice of one of full blooded aboriginal relatives but she was a nurse and dormitory worker for the aboriginal corranderk station in tasmania i hope this helps but john had english descent in him that is all i know but louisa briggs was truganini’s neice

      please and thankyou from alinta enjoy your day.

      • This is information that you may find interesting. Louisa Briggs was born on Preservation ( aka Gun Carriage ) island. There is no connection in any way to Truganinni. Polly was a Bunurong woman from S E Victoria who was kidnapped by Sealer James Munro and taken to Preservation Island. Truganinni was born and lived on Bruni ( Bruny ) Island on the South East of Tasmania. Truganinni is Tasmanian Aboriginal and is no in any way related to Truganinni that can be verified as true and correct.

        Briggs, Louisa (1836–1925)
        by Laura Barwick
        This entry is from the Australian Dictionary of Biography
        Louisa Briggs (1836-1925), Aboriginal leader, dormitory matron and nurse, was born on 14 November 1836 on Preservation Island, Bass Strait, daughter of John Strugnell, a sealer, and Mary (Polly) Munro. Strugnell, as a 17-year-old London chimney sweep, had been transported in 1818. Polly was probably the daughter of James Munro, another sealer, and Doog-by-er-um-bor-oke (Margery Munro), a Woirorung woman kidnapped from Port Phillip.
        Louisa was an attractive woman with blue eyes and dark, wavy hair with a distinctive white streak. In 1853 she married John Briggs, the son of a Tasmanian Aboriginal woman and a sealer. Briggs was formerly married to Louisa’s aunt Ann Munro. He and Louisa joined the gold rush in Victoria and worked as shepherds in the Beaufort district and for a squatter near Violet Town until the late 1860s. Between 1853 and 1871 they had nine children. Work was scarce and in 1871 the destitute family joined Coranderrk Aboriginal station, near Healesville.
        Next year a dispute with the Board for the Protection of the Aborigines, which managed the station, over the board’s failure to pay a cash wage to all the workers resulted in John being expelled after seeking paid work elsewhere. In 1874 the family returned, in great need, to Coranderrk. There Louisa acted as a nurse and dormitory matron and was appointed a salaried staff member in 1876.
        The board’s policy over Coranderrk’s income and the inclusion of newcomers, who were not related to the Kulin clan inhabitants, caused resentment among the residents. Rebellion ensued. Louisa’s leadership and hereditary right made her a spokesperson. She had learned to read, but not to write, so her children acted as scribes for her numerous letters of protest. When the popular manager was replaced, Louisa fought the plans to sell Coranderrk and to relocate its residents. To this end she gave evidence in August 1876 at an inquiry into the running of the station. Widowed in 1878, after further protests Louisa was forced off the reserve, seeking asylum at Ebenezer Aboriginal station, Lake Hindmarsh, where she again acted as a matron. Conditions there were poor and she wrote to the board to complain of the lack of food in 1878 and again in 1881. Following another inquiry into Coranderrk, Louisa returned to the station in 1882 and was left briefly in charge of the dormitory.
        Legislation in 1886 forced ‘half-castes’ under the age of 35 off the reserves and Louisa’s family was again exiled from Coranderrk; they sought refuge at Maloga mission in New South Wales. She pleaded to return to Coranderrk but the board claimed that the family was Tasmanian and refused re-entry. In 1889 Louisa and her children moved to Cumeroogunga reserve, on the New South Wales side of the Murray River, opposite Barmah. She again requested to return to Coranderrk in 1892 and was denied. In 1895 ‘half-castes’ were excluded from Cumeroogunga, forcing the family to settle in a makeshift camp at Barmah. In 1903, at the age of 67, Louisa asked for the rations to which she was entitled by age and ancestry. Again the board refused ‘for the reason she is a half caste of Tasmania’. She later returned to Cumeroogunga, where she died on 6 September 1925. Out of affection, local children covered her coffin with violets. A church-going Presbyterian, Louisa was strong minded, hardworking, known for her kindness and love of children and for her humour, audacity and courage.
        Select Bibliography
        * R. B. Smyth, The Aborigines of Victoria (Melb, 1878)
        * D. E. Barwick et al, Metaphors of Interpretation (Canb, 1985)
        * H. Radi (ed), 200 Australian Women (Syd, 1988)
        * D. E. Barwick, Rebellion at Coranderrk (Canb, 1998)
        * album of 156 photos by Frederick Kruger, 1876-78 (Museum Victoria).
        Citation details
        Laura Barwick, ‘Briggs, Louisa (1836–1925)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://ia.anu.edu.au/biography/briggs-louisa-12816/text23133, accessed 13 July 2016.

      • This was written by Carolyn Briggs, She is the Senior Elder of the Boonwurrung Foundation. Carolyn has photos of Louisa Briggs, her grandmother I believe. I hope you find this helpful. I know Carolyn.

        Louisa Briggs – living across two worlds

        The Boon Wurrung consisted of six clans, they were know as the Yallukit Willam, Ngaruk Willam, Mayune Baluk, Boon Wurrung Balu, Yownegerra and the Yaloock Balluk.
        The women regularly journeyed along the coast to visit what is now called Half Moon Bay and Black Rock, stopping off along the beaches and camping at the rock pools.
        One of the last journeys made through the area occurred in the 1830s, at about the time of the arrival of Batman and Faulkner at Melbourne. Louisa Briggs was born some time in the 1830s and her story was preserved because she lived to a very old age and passed away in 1923.
        Louisa and the other women journeyed along the coast to Point Nepean, as was their custom. But these women never returned from their journey. Upon reaching Point Nepean, they were kidnapped by sealers and taken to islands in Bass Strait.
        Louisa married a Tasmanian Aborigine, John Briggs, and returned to live in her country. In 1878 Brough Smythe recorded:
        John Briggs, a half caste Tasmanian, who intermarried with a half caste Australian, has had ten children, of whom eight are now living – three boys and five girls. John Briggs was born in one of the islands in the Bass Strait. His wife is the daughter of an Australian woman, who with her sister, was taken to Tasmania at the time Buckley was removed from Port Phillip to that colony.
        Louisa Briggs returned to her country and travelled across Victoria during the Gold Rush period. She returned to settle at Corranderk, where some of her kin still lived. In 1967 Captain Crawford Pascoe, a superintendent at Corranderk, recorded:
        On Preservation Island was Jimmy Munro, who had held the title of King of the Straits and had been there then (1842) for thirty years. He had his lubra but no family of his own. She had one little girl, whom he had brought with the mother, but I never knew what part they had been taken from till forty years after, when I met the “little girl” at Corranderk Aboriginal Station in Victoria as Mrs Briggs, then an old grandmother. Visiting this station, where I knew some of the blacks, Mrs Briggs said that she knew me when I was a little girl at Preservation Island, and remembered my having given her some biscuits. She told me that she and her mother were near Pt Nepean at the entrance to Port Phillip when Jimmy came in with his boat and carried them off. She told me that the name of my vessel in proof of her memory, the Vansittart.
        Louisa and her family became very active in the struggle for their rights. She took over the role of midwife and carer for many of the children while at Coranderk. In 1876 the Melbourne Argus reported on her:
        She is matron of the establishment, on a salary of 10 shillings a week and manages the affairs of the children and young people “in school” with the utmost vigilance and much success. She is their cook and laundress and general monitor and governate. She is also the accoucheuse [midwife] in ordinary of the establishment, the general nurse in sickness, and a hand and vigorous all round administrator. Coranderk could not be what it is without Mrs Briggs.
        Louisa and her family were forced to leave Coranderk because of government policies and she moved with her family to Cummergungs, a reserve on the Murray River. Here she lived out her life, often telling stories of her past and keeping her culture alive.
        In 1929 she was interviewed by Hall and Taylor, a team from Sydney University. They recorded some of her history:
        Further conversations [with Louisa Briggs] lead her to tell us that her mother’s full name was Mary and her grandmother’s name Marjorie. The latter was a full blood of Melbourne. In her childhood, Louisa was taken in a little sailing boat to Tasmania and lived in the “highlands” there. She married John Briggs. The folks lived with stuck upright posts in the ground and roofed in the enclosure with grass. Louisa’s father was John Strugnell, a white man and her mother a half caste. She had returned from Tasmania to Melbourne when that city had more than three houses but was smaller than Cummergoonga and the exhibition ground was all forest, which had been about 1830-1837 which makes Louisa well over the century as she was at that time a married woman.
        When Ellen Campbell, the granddaughter of Louisa Briggs, was interviewed in the 1960s she identified Louisa as having been born in the coastal area south of Melbourne.
        This story shows the strength of the oral history tradition of the Boon Wurrung people.

        Also John Briggs was married to Dolly Dalrymple, daughter of Manalargenna from the Cape Protland area, Trawlwoolway people. Their son John went to Victoria and it is tnrough this John that Louisa comes through. There is no blood or Kinship relationship between John Briggs Jnr, Dolly Dalrymple or John Briggs Snr and Truganinni.

      • Re this : “John Briggs was married to Dolly Dalrymple, daughter of Manalargenna from the Cape Protland area, Trawlwoolway people.”
        = a slight error- should read something like :
        Woretemoeteyerner (Trawlwoolway people, Cape Portland) was the (probably eldest) daughter of Mannalargenna. She and one “sealer” partner, George Briggs – family from Bedfordshire, were the parents of John Briggs, Dalrymple Briggs (“Dolly”), Eliza Briggs and Mary Briggs.

      • hi i am replying to dyan summers and to the tasmaniana but i would like to say that LOUISA BRIGGS WAS THE NEICE OF TRUGANINI ON THE OTHER HAND IT MAY WELL HAVE BEEN TRUE THAT THERE IS A BLOOD CONNECTION I WOULD LIKE TO ALSO SAY THAT DOLLY DALRYMPLE MARRIED A CONVICT THOMAS JOHNSTON WHEN THEY LIVED AT LATROBE IN TASMANIA BUT THE FATHER OF LOUISA BRIGGS WAS JOHN BRIGGS WHO MY BLOOD COUSIN TRUGANINI HAD A AFFAIR WITH HIM

        AND THAT IS THE TRUTH
        thankyou for getting just so you understand.

      • Could you please provide supporting authentic documentation that clearly shows this. I am interested to see this.

      • Alinta, I am not aware that anyone has denied you your identity. My statement was and my strong belief still is that Truganinni was not related ( blood or kinship ) to Louisa Briggs. Until I can be given authentic archival documentation to prove this then my opinion will not change. I would be very interested to see any documentation to support what you are saying. There are many stories told about Truganinni, many without substance I might add. Please show the documentation to me to prove me wrong.

      • hi dyan summers again and also louisa briggs’s mother was louise esmae briggs just letting you know
        thanks. I AM SO PROUD OF MY ABORIGINAL BLOODLINE AND HERITAGE , WHO CAN’T BE PROUD OF THAT

  19. And John Briggs if possible.

    • Carolyn Briggs from the Boonwoorung Foundation in Melbourne Victoria may be able to assist. They have a website or just do a Google search for Carolyn Briggs.

      • hi dyan thanks for your reply the only thing i printed a few years ago was the 4 corners an interview with cassandra pybus and in some of those pages did go onto say that truganini did have a child a daughter louise esmae briggs was her daughter she fretted about losing at the age of 17 to it talks about truganini having an affair with john briggs who was the father of that child

        feel free to read the interview there are quiet a few papers that mention about louise esmae briggs just on the internet in general

        i’m really sorry if sounded harsh

        thankyou

    • hi you wanto know about john briggs well all i know is that he was the father of one of my full blooded aboriginal relatives truganini had an affair and had a child called louise esmae briggs and then her daughter was sent to victoria and raised by kulin nation on the mainland but weather or not louise may still be alive who knows
      but i do know this that john was george briggs brother but that family have two lines of decent which have been traced back to dolly briggs
      i am replying to richie kennedy
      so i hope this helps but if there is an archives in your area where you live it should not be to hard to trace the family
      kindest regards
      alinta.

      • Hi Alinta, from my information there is a myth ( in Victoria only I believe ) that Truganinni had a child. There is no documentation that I am aware of to support this myth. There was also some thought that she may have had a child that was stillborn. This is quite possible as she was used and sexually abused by many white settlers including George Augustus Robinson and had very serious sexually transmitted diseases and was considered to be sterile. On her death bed she cried for her child she never got to meet, one assumes that this is the child she had that was stillborn. From my belief this stillborn child was born within a short time after colonisation in Tasmania. There is also information that the Clarke family have a connection to Truganinni, this is I believe through a connection from Bruny Island and not a direct line from Truganinni. I am keen to see supported documentation and historical facts to show that Truganinni had a daughter that survived to have children.

      • hi flinders island
        sorry i don’t have any documentation or historical facts for you to see on truganini’s daughter , but however what i do know is this which you may find interesting louise esmae briggs had a daughter called louisa briggs who was the neice of truganini but

  20. Hi, does anyone have any further information on Tarerernorerer (aka Mary Anne) abducted by John Williams, or whether John Williams fathered any children with aboriginal women.

    • Hi
      I think this is Walyer – lots written about her. Don’t know that she had any children. She is quoted as saying she liked white men as much as black snakes.

      • hi manuscript
        i only wanto know if walyer , known as mary anne had a surname

        from alinta please and thankyou, but i do know that she lived wiv sealers and on the internet in general i found out that truganini and her family are distant cousins to walyer
        when i make a special trip to the hobart archives
        please and thankyou

        if someone can get back to me.

      • Hi Again Alinta and other people interested, I might have put this up before, but here is link to the Australian Dictionary of the Biography entry on Tarenorerer (1800–1831), also known as Walyer and Mary Anne: http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/tarenorerer-13212
        Regards, Jane

    • hi walyer known as mary anne was my 2x great great grandmother

  21. For examples of information about Tarenorerer (1800–1831), also known as Walyer, see the Australian Dictionary of Biography at : http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/tarenorerer-13212, on Convict Creations at: http://www.convictcreations.com/history/walyer.html, http://www.utas.edu.au/library/companion_to_tasmanian_history/W/Walyer%202.htm, http://www.utas.edu.au/library/companion_to_tasmanian_history/W/Walyer.htm, on Trove at: http://trove.nla.gov.au/people/752087?c=people. While no children are mentioned, this does not mean she didn’t have any.

    • hi jane alinta here
      can u please if u can find out how the clarke family are connected to one of my full blooded relatives truganini
      and if you know weather the group of natives would be ancestors by any chance
      please and thankyou.

  22. […] There is no substitute for N J B Plomley’s compilation of Robinson’s journals and papers, but for a useful overview and on-line summary, go to Bass Strait People 1790-1850 […]

  23. […] time her master, Mr S.R. Chase, left Kemp &amp; Co and took on a government job. The website  Bass Strait People reveals his […]

  24. anyone know or heard or any records of thomas hite who was a sealer and took an aboriginal woman. would love to hear from you.

    • Hello also looking for Henrietta Hunter have no other info on her

    • I have a book titled Sealers of Bass Strait. I will see what I can find for you.

  25. There is a book Titled, The Sealers of Bass Strait and the Cape Barren Island Community. Written by Brian Plomley and Kristen Ann Henley.
    Astrolabe Booksellers stock it. It is a publication by the Tasmanian Historical Research Association. To purchase the book you would need to email
    books@astrolabe oops.com.au
    Cost is around $45.
    I have found this book to contain a lot of information and is a great resource. I had been searching for a long time for information on my family history and by accident I stumbled across this. Money well spent for me and I am sure it would help you too in seeking information.

  26. hello everyone the hite family i have a lot of info but there is one link missing could maybe the connection we are looking for thomas hite.
    william hite down the line is my mothers grandfather

    • hi thomas benson the best person you should speak to about the hite family is jackie lambie i do not if u look her up in the tasmania hobart ph book u will find her number in there

      i hope this helps.

  27. I am particularly interested in any documented information that anyone may have related to any women who were taken from Point Nalean /South East Victoria and taken to Kangaroo Island by Sealers.
    Also any information on Jane Foster who married an Armstrong and a woman by the name of Nandergoroke aka Elizabeth Maynard who was kidnapped and taken to Cape Barren Island in Bass Strait. Nandergoroke is one of my maternal grandmothers.
    My email address is

    dyan1952@hotmail.com

    Thank you

    Dyan Summers

  28. Thank you for your help.tom

  29. hi my name is alinta taylor and i have aboriginal heritage in my bloodline by the name of mary ann dwyer who happens to be my great grandmother who was from hobart i beleive she was a half sister to fanny cochrane i would very much appreciate it if someone can get back to me about this and if someone knows who her parents were

    thankyou very much from alinta.

  30. well well i have aboriginal heritage in my family with my 2 grandmothers who are from oyster cove , and related to sarah tanganuturra aswell
    through my 2x great great grandmother mary ann dwyer and she had a daughter with the same name mary ann dwyer they went to the newtown orphange school
    thankyou , FOR JEFFERY TO KNOW THE TOMLINS ARE NOWHERE NEAR TO MY BIOLOGICAL FAMILY LINE AT ALL JUST SO HE UNDERSTANDS.

    • this is alinta here
      does or would somebody know if the group of natives shown on the internet in general if they would be the ancestors of truganini known as lallah rookh if someone can get back to me

      much appreciated many thanks.

  31. hi i am replying to the flinders island thankyou for getting back to me i would love to know how the clarke family , comes in to truganini but an interesting thing is that truganini’s daughters father of louise esmae briggs was john briggs was her father, i find the other info i happened to find out on the internet that on and in general my great grandmother was and is pictured in a photo wiv truganini, william lanne and my great grandmother mary ann dwyer happens to be sitting on the floor holding williams feet i do not have the picture but appears to be on the tasmanian archives website in the collections section , but in the meantime i would be really greatfull if you can please find out to that my great grandmother mary ann dwyer made a statement on flinders to the aboriginal corporation in the 1968 plomley notes stating that she was the half sister of fanny cochrane but then mary ann dwyer and fanny cochrane were the daughters of cotteral cochrane a sealer but they had the same mother sarah tanganuturra

    so if you please don’t mind finding out more about that and how the clarke family are connected to truganini when you or if you have the time but on the internet also i found out who my ancestors are or happen to be kickerterpoller and flora

    thankyou very much

    kindest regards from alinta enjoy your day. please and thankyou.

  32. and also for the flinders island
    if the person does not mind to also find out how the pross family are connected

    • also for the flinders island can you please check out for me if you don’t mind the ancestors of truganini if flora and kickerterpoller or if they are or were the ancestors please and thankyou very much
      i hope u don’t mind and also with the pross family if that are the descendants if that was through truganini’s siblings like her brother or sisters when you have the chance please and thankyou
      enjoy your day as fanny cochrane would be my 2x great great aunty as mary ann dwyer was her half sister

      please and thankyou but the pross family names david, eliza, matthew, peter shine and 2 other people

      please and thankyou.

      • Hello Alinta: According to historian Lyndall Ryan, in her book (if you haven’t seen it), Tasmanian Aborigines: A history since 1803, Allen & Unwin, 2012 (should be in libraries and possibly still available for sale online and in bookstores), p. 41: “Truganini … was born in 1812 at Recherche Bay, where her father, Mangerner, was the chief of the Lyluequonny clan.”; p. 155: [GA] “Robinson was appointed to take care of the Nuenonne people on Bruny Island on 15 March 1829 …”. The third family he made contact with “contained Mangerner, who was about fifty, his daughter Truganini, aged about seventeen, and his unnamed wife, aged about thirty, who was at the time visiting relatives at Port Davey with their adolescent son … Most of the Aborigines at Rat Bay had gruesome experience of the colonial invaders. Truganini’s two sisters, Lowhenunhe and Maggerleede, had been abducted by black American sealer John Baker and were known to be living with another sealer, John Hepthernet, on Kangaroo Island. Truganini’s finance, Paraweena, had been mutilated and killed in the D’Entrecasteaux Channel by two other sealers … On her return to Bruny Island, Mangerner’s wife was abducted by the mutineers on the brig Cyprus, and their son drowned.”
        pp. 267–268 “She [Truganini] was born in about 1812, the daughter of Mangerner, chief of the Lyluequonny clan of the South East Nation. By the time she met Robinson at Bruny Island in 1829 at the age of seventeen, her mother had been stabbed by a party of sealers, her sister Moorinna had been abducted to Bass Strait by another sealer and there accidentally shot, and her fiancé Paraweena, had been thrown out of a boat by sawyers … Following the death of her father in the winter of 1829, she partnered Wooraddy, the recently widowed chief of the Nuenonne clan … contrary to her biographer’s claim, there is no evidence that she had a sexual relationship with Robinson. There is no evidence in the colonial record that she bore children but there is some evidence in the Aboriginal record … aged thirty, at Wybalena she lived with the Big River man, Weernerpaterlargenna (Alphonso), but he died in 1847 …”

        Seeing what else I can find, Jane

  33. but also does someone on this site know if truganini and her family would be my 1st cousins to my grandmothers mary ann dwyer if someone can get back to me the connection is through my 2x great great grandmother mary ann dwyer, then her daughter mary ann dwyer my great grandmother, then my grandmother a mary clifford, then her son richard who was my father and then with me richard’s daughter which happens to be me alinta as my name is also aboriginal from the nyari tribe in victoria mildura which means flame and fire

    please and thankyou i would appreciate it very much.
    enjoy your evening.

  34. Hi All, In case you haven’t seen it, there is a short history of Kangaroo Island by Flinders Ranges Research at: https://www.southaustralianhistory.com.au/ki.htm

    An interesting mention is that of the first recorded birth on Kangaroo Island: “Among some of the earliest settlers were William Walker, who arrived in 1819 and George Bates who settled on the island in 1824. The first birth recorded on the island was that of Mary Seymour in 1833. Her[e] parents were Nathaniel Walles Thomas and Betty, a full blooded Tasmanian Aborigine. These pre-colonial settlers made their living by hunting, fishing, skin and salt trading and even growing some vegetables.”
    Jane Morrison

    • would the hobart archives have the book by any chance you are talking about allen and unwin

  35. A bit more on Aboriginal people on Kangaroo Island:
    ABORIGINES ON KANGAROO ISLAND

    “When Matthew Flinders first mapped Kangaroo Island in 1803, he found a humanless sanctuary. Seal hunters soon arrived and, as in Bass Strait, a cross-cultural community emerged of British sealers and the Aboriginal women they took from Tasmania and the nearby Kaurna and Ngarrindjeri countries. Kangaroo Island became a place where skins replaced coats and where the English language might be forgotten – where Aboriginal women, at first mistreated, were eventually respected for their knowledge of how to live in an uncolonised land.

    In 1836 the South Australian Company arrived to establish a new province. Many of the first Islanders were displaced as a farming community grew. But until the late 1870s, three Tasmanian Aboriginal women – Sal, Suke and Betty – remained. They continued to live traditionally, clearing the land with fire and hunting with dogs. All three women outlived Trukanini. Betty’s descendants still live on Kangaroo Island, but have only recently discovered their ancestry.

    Blood alone cannot sustain memory. Much of their history is remmbered in the land on Kangaroo Island. There are creeks, gullies and paddocks with names that recall the stories of the Aboriginal women and their sealer partners. The people who tell them are the island’s colonial descendants who have continued to farm the land on Kangaroo Island for over five generations. A history of exclusion resulted in a history lost. But as Betty’s descendants return to the land and recover the history it retains, they are forming a new identity.

    Further reading: R Taylor, Unearthed, Kent Town, SA, 2002.

    Rebe Taylor

    Copyright 2006, Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies

    From The Companion to Tasmanian History at:
    http://www.utas.edu.au/library/companion_to_tasmanian_history/A/Aborigines%20on%20Kangaroo%20Island.htm

  36. Sorry you are right, It was George Briggs who was married to Dolly Dalrymple, aka Worretemoyeteyenner. She was the daughter of Manaleaprgenna. George Briggs was a Sealer. No relation to Truganinni what so ever.

    • Dalrymple Briggs AKA “Dolly” married Thomas Johnson. George Briggs was her father and Woretemoeteyerner her mother.

  37. Kangaroo Island: archaeology and how Aboriginal people lived there until about 2,000 years ago. Fate of the original Aboriginal people on Kangaroo Island until the early 1800s still a mystery? See SA Museum’s info at: http://www.kangarooisland.sa.gov.au/aboutKI

    • hi jane thankyou very much for replying i find the above info very interesting
      sorry for taking so long to get back to ya
      i would be very interested to see what else you can find out

      enjoy your night please and thankyou

  38. RE: TRUCANINI and any descendants.

    There is ABSOLUTELY NO evidence that Trucanini had a child, or at least any child that survived beyond babyhood.

    There are at least two key published and incorrect accounts that have led people astray to think that Louisa Esme Strugnell (m. John Briggs) was Tasmanian Aboriginal or related to Trucanini. The first published – and likely the one that has been misleading everyone since 1925 is in THE ARGUS, 15 Sept. 1925. p.1 – Louisa’s obituary:

    [1]

    TASMANIAN NATIVE.
    Dies Aged 107 Years.
    SYDNEY, Monday – Louisa Briggs, a
    half-caste aborigine died at the Cummera-
    junga Aborigine Station on September
    8 at the great age of 107 years. Being
    directly related to King John and Queen
    Truganini she was one of the last of
    the Tasmanians. She was a fine type of
    half caste aborigine Her hair was snow
    white. She had a constitution of iron
    and was a very heavy smoker but did not
    indulge in intoxicating liquor. She was a
    prolific reader of good literature but still
    she was a happy as a child when able to
    peruse a comic paper She was in pos-
    session of all her faculties till 19 months
    ago and at odd short periods since.

    From:
    http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2137949

    * Note that Louisa was born c.1836 and died in 1925 aged c.89 – not 107 !!

    [2]

    Unfortunately the biography of Banjo Clarke (Wisdom Man, Banjo Clarke as told to Camilla Chance, Penguin Books, 2003, Sydney)
    See: http://ia.anu.edu.au/biography/clarke-banjo-17786
    – includes this misinformation – which is primarily why it continues to be believed, shared and republished, despite the Tasmanian Aboriginal community explaining that this descendency from Trucanini is not viewed as possible. This belief might indicate ANOTHER line of ancestral Tasmanian Aboriginal descent eg: from John Briggs, in the instance of Victoria/Port Phillip.

    see also:

    [3]

    John Briggs, a half-caste Tasmanian, who intermarried with a half-caste Australian, has had ten children, of whom eight are now living — three boys and five girls. John Briggs was born in one of the Islands in Bass’s Straits. His wife is the daughter of an Australian woman, who, with her sister, was taken to Tasmania at the time that Buckley was removed from Port Phillip to that colony. His eldest son is between seventeen and eighteen years of age, and the youngest child is two months old. He says he was married in 1844. He is an intelligent man ; tall and well-formed, but weather- beaten in appearance. His hair is grey ; his complexion yellow — dull yellow ; his teeth large, and not close together ; his hair woolly, somewhat like that of a negro ; his eyes dark -brown ….

    Ref:
    http://www.archive.org/stream/aboriginesofvict01smyt/aboriginesofvict01smyt_djvu.txt

    [4]

    Commander Crawford Pasco R.N. visited the Bass Strait islands in 1842 in the Government vessel the Vansittart; in 1897 he published his reminiscences:

    “On Preservation Island was Jimmy Munro who held the title of King of the Straits, and had been there then (1842) for thirty-seven years. [since 1805?] He had his lubra, but no family of his own. She had one little girl, whom he had brought with the mother, but I never knew what part they had been taken from till forty years after, when I met the “little girl” at Coranderrk Aboriginal Station in Victoria as Mrs. Briggs, then an old grandmother. Visiting this station, where I knew some of the blacks Mrs. Briggs said she knew me when she was a little girl at Preservation Island and remembered my having given her some biscuits. She told me that she and her-mother were near Port Nepean at the entrance of Port Phillip, when Jimmy came in with his boat and carried them off. She told me the .name of my vessel, in proof of her memory, the Vansittart”

    Ref: Pasco, Crawford & Prichard, T. H. (Thomas Henry), 1845-1907 (1897). A roving commission : naval reminiscences. George Robertson, Melbourne.

    [5]

    DIARY OF JAMES DREDGE
    Melbourne Port Phillip “June 16 1841. During the week a young man of the Boonworongs arrived in the Edina from Adelaide. It appears that about 5 years ago this tribe was on the coast of the Bay near Arthur’s Seat, when a vessel came in, and, having anchored., her crew went ashore. Early one morning they induced 9 women and 2 boys to go in their boat, and took them on board their vessel and sailed out of the harbour. One of the women contrived afterwards to make her escape, and returned to her own people. The others were taken to Preservation Island … The young man now returned, after a time was taken to Launceston whence he escaped in a vessel which he thought would take him home. Her destination however was Swan River where he lived amongst Europeans,, made himself useful as a stockkeeper, and eventually obtained one pound per week wages. An opportunity offering he took his passage in a vessel bound to Adelaide, for which he paid 0 – and then hired himself on board the Edina to work his passage to P.P. where he has joined his relatives …. He is fine youth and speaks English pretty well …. The blacks say that many years ago a vessel put into Western Port, and attempted to carry off some of the women, who saved themselves by running away, the whites however fired upon them, killed 2 and lamed others. Some of them carry the shots in their flesh to this day.”

    [6]

    G.A. Robinson visited the Bass Strait islands in January 1837 and listed a number of Australian aboriginal women living with the sealers, two were from Port Lincoln (South Australia) the others were taken from Port Phillip by George Meredith (who had since been murdered by Aborigines in South Australia) and were living with the sealers Munro, Maynard, Everett and Strugnall.
    “At Preservation is Munro who had a New Holland woman., a native of Port Phillip and a daughter about 14 years of age that she had in her own country….another daughter belonging to this woman was living with Strugnall on Gun Carriage Island by whom she had had two children. She was about 16 years of age….one of the two children was about 2 years old, the other about three weeks.”

    [7]

    R. Brough Smyth in 1876 (at one time Secretary of the Board for the Protection of the Aborigines) compiled notes on the Aborigines of Australia and Tasmania which were published in 1878.

    He described John Briggs as “a half-caste Tasmanian who inter married with a half-caste Australian, has had ten children, of whom eight are now living – three boys and five girls. John Briggs was born in one of the islands in Bass’s Straits. His wife is the daughter of an Australian woman who with her sister, was taken to Tasmania at the time that Buckley(**) was removed from Port Phillip to that colony. His eldest son is between seventeen and eighteen years of age, and the youngest son is two months old. He says he was married in 1844. He is an intelligent man; tall and well-formed, but weather-beaten in appearance. His hair is grey (gives full physical description). He is the only half-caste Bass’s Straits man I have ever had the opportunity of closely examining. He is very different from the half-caste Australian…..

    [8]

    Louisa Briggs 1836 – 1925 Aboriginal leader
    From:
    http://www.200australianwomen.com/names/030.html

    Louisa Briggs (1836-1925), Aboriginal leader, was born on 14 November 1836 on Preservation Island, Bass Strait, the second daughter of Polly Munro and Robert Strugnell, who in 1818 as a seventeen year old chimney-sweep had received a seven year sentence of transportation. Polly was a daughter of Doogbyerumboreoke, a Woirorung woman from Port Phillip, and James Munro, a sealer permanently settled on Preservation Island. Louisa grew up in a stable island community, learning to read but not write. At seventeen she married John Briggs, the son of another Aboriginal woman and a seaman turned sealer.

    About 1853 they went to the Victorian goldfields, where the first of their nine children was born. For some years they worked as shepherds in the Beaufort district and in 1871 shortly after Louisa bore her last child, they were admitted destitute to Coranderrk Aboriginal Station. Coranderrk had been created an Aboriginal Reserve earlier at the request of Louisa’s Woiworung and Bunurong relatives, but was then under control of the Board for the Protection of Aborigines, and producing hops. John was employed as a ploughman but left after a dispute about the Board’s failure to pay a cash wage to all workers. The family was readmitted in 1874, again in need.
    On Coranderrk Louisa acted as nurse and midwife. She was appointed matron in 1876, the first Aboriginal to replace a European on salaried staff. By ability, position and hereditary right she became spokesperson for the residents, though her letters to the Board had to be written for her. The Board’s policy of bringing Aboriginal orphans from elsewhere in Victoria to Coranderrk and using the profits from hops for their support, kindled the simmering resentment over poor wages, culminating in rebellion. That the newcomers had no traditional claim to reserve land, was an additional grievance. After initial success in securing the reappointment of the popular first manager, Louisa fought the Board’s plans to sell Coranderrk, and remove Coranderrk residents to other reserves. She gave evidence to the 1876 inquiry but after further complaint was forced off the reserve. She was then a widow. With her younger children she moved to Ebenezer Aboriginal Station where she became a confidante of the missionary, but her children objected to conditions there. She wrote complaining they were starving.
    After a week-long strike and another inquiry in 1881 which recommended dismissal of the manager and permanent retention of Coranderrk, Louisa and her family were reunited. Her sons were refused permission to take up land on Coranderrk as selectors but it became a statutory reserve and thus ‘permanent’. Louisa was reappointed matron but another woman was placed over her; she later was in trouble for taking sugar and hops to make beer. Under an 1886 Act ‘half castes’ under 35 years of age were expelled from reserves. When Louisa’s adult sons were forced off, she followed. Unable to earn a living from shepherding, in 1885 the family entered Muloga Mission, on the New South Wales side of the Murray, and from there removed to nearby Cumeroogunga Reserve in 1889. Louisa’s later years saw her move to Barmah where she was refused rations ‘for the reason she is a half caste of Tasmania’, then back to Cumeroogunga, where she died in 1925. She was a strong-minded, hard-working woman, a regular church-goer, remembered for her humour, audacity and courage.
    Heather Radi
    Diane Barwick, ‘This Most Resolute Lady’ in Metaphors of Interpretation ed Diane Barwick 1985.

    [9]

    BRIGGS, LOUISA (1836-1925), http://adbonline.anu.edu.au/biogs/AS10057b.htm
    Aboriginal leader, dormitory matron and nurse, was born on 14 November 1836 on Preservation Island, Bass Strait, daughter of John Strugnell, a sealer, and Mary (Polly) Munro. Strugnell, as a 17-year-old London chimney sweep, had been transported in 1818. Polly was probably the daughter of James Munro, another sealer, and Doog-by-er-um-bor-oke (Margery Munro), a Woirorung woman kidnapped from Port Phillip.

    Louisa was an attractive woman with blue eyes and dark, wavy hair with a distinctive white streak. In 1853 she married John Briggs, the son of a Tasmanian Aboriginal woman and a sealer. Briggs was formerly married to Louisa’s aunt Ann Munro. He and Louisa joined the gold rush in Victoria and worked as shepherds in the Beaufort district and for a squatter near Violet Town until the late 1860s. Between 1853 and 1871 they had nine children. Work was scarce and in 1871 the destitute family joined Coranderrk Aboriginal station, near Healesville.

    Next year a dispute with the Board for the Protection of the Aborigines, which managed the station, over the board’s failure to pay a cash wage to all the workers resulted in John being expelled after seeking paid work elsewhere. In 1874 the family returned, in great need, to Coranderrk. There Louisa acted as a nurse and dormitory matron and was appointed a salaried staff member in 1876.

    The board’s policy over Coranderrk’s income and the inclusion of newcomers, who were not related to the Kulin clan inhabitants, caused resentment among the residents. Rebellion ensued. Louisa’s leadership and hereditary right made her a spokesperson. She had learned to read, but not to write, so her children acted as scribes for her numerous letters of protest. When the popular manager was replaced, Louisa fought the plans to sell Coranderrk and to relocate its residents. To this end she gave evidence in August 1876 at an inquiry into the running of the station. Widowed in 1878, after further protests Louisa was forced off the reserve, seeking asylum at Ebenezer Aboriginal station, Lake Hindmarsh, where she again acted as a matron. Conditions there were poor and she wrote to the board to complain of the lack of food in 1878 and again in 1881. Following another inquiry into Coranderrk, Louisa returned to the station in 1882 and was left briefly in charge of the dormitory.

    Legislation in 1886 forced ‘half-castes’ under the age of 35 off the reserves and Louisa’s family was again exiled from Coranderrk; they sought refuge at Maloga mission in New South Wales. She pleaded to return to Coranderrk but the board claimed that the family was Tasmanian and refused re-entry. In 1889 Louisa and her children [where was John??] moved to Cumeroogunga reserve, on the New South Wales side of the Murray River, opposite Barmah. She again requested to return to Coranderrk in 1892 and was denied. In 1895 ‘half-castes’ were excluded from Cumeroogunga, forcing the family to settle in a makeshift camp at Barmah. In 1903, at the age of 67, Louisa asked for the rations to which she was entitled by age and ancestry. Again the board refused ‘for the reason she is a half caste of Tasmania’. She later returned to Cumeroogunga, where she died on 6 September 1925. Out of affection, local children covered her coffin with violets. A church-going Presbyterian, Louisa was strong minded, hardworking, known for her kindness and love of children and for her humour, audacity and courage.
    Select Bibliography

    R. B. Smyth, The Aborigines of Victoria (Melb, 1878); D. E. Barwick et al, Metaphors of Interpretation (Canb, 1985); H. Radi (ed), 200 Australian Women (Syd, 1988); D. E. Barwick, Rebellion at Coranderrk (Canb, 1998); album of 156 photos by Frederick Kruger, 1876-78 (Museum Victoria).

    Author: Laura Barwick

    Print Publication Details: Laura Barwick, ‘Briggs, Louisa (1836 – 1925)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Supplementary Volume, Melbourne University Press, 2005, pp 45-46.


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